An introduction to the study of literature pdf


  • E1- Introduction to Literature English 1
  • Literature Review Guide: Examples of Literature Reviews
  • Introduction to Literature Reviews
  • E1- Introduction to Literature English 1

    Search for: Defining Literature Literature, in its broadest sense, is any written work. More restrictively, it is writing that possesses literary merit. Literature can be classified according to whether it is fiction or non-fiction and whether it is poetry or prose.

    It can be further distinguished according to major forms such as the novel, short story or drama, and works are often categorized according to historical periods or their adherence to certain aesthetic features or expectations genre. As urban cultures and societies developed, there was a proliferation in the forms of literature. Developments in print technology allowed for literature to be distributed and experienced on an unprecedented scale, which has culminated in the twenty-first century in electronic literature.

    Definition Definitions of literature have varied over time. In Western Europe prior to the eighteenth century, literature as a term indicated all books and writing. Cultural studies, for instance, takes as its subject of analysis both popular and minority genres, in addition to canonical works.

    These are a type of poem in which the written words are arranged in such a way to produce a visual image. Poetry is a form of literary art that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, prosaic ostensible meaning ordinary intended meaning. Poetry has traditionally been distinguished from prose by its being set in verse; [4] prose is cast in sentences, poetry in lines; the syntax of prose is dictated by meaning, whereas that of poetry is held across metre or the visual aspects of the poem.

    Prose Prose is a form of language that possesses ordinary syntax and natural speech rather than rhythmic structure; in which regard, along with its measurement in sentences rather than lines, it differs from poetry. Apart from its distinct size, various theorists have suggested that the short story has a characteristic subject matter or structure; [11] these discussions often position the form in some relation to the novel.

    Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 13 February Oral poetry: its nature, significance, and social context. Indiana University Press. Speculum 28 3 : — Retrieved 15 February The Daily Beast. Burns Modern Fiction Studies. The Short Story. The Reality of Artifice. New York: Twain. Charles May, ed. Athens: Ohio UP. The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama.

    London and New York: Methuen. ISBN Provided by: Wikipedia. Authored by: Guillaume Apollinaire.

    Quantity must be 1 or more Add to cart Adding product to your cart Introduction to Literature English 1 is a one year, college-preparatory literature and composition course, and is the first volume of the Excellence in Literature curriculum. Short Stories by Welty, O.

    It replaces ISBN Softcover; 8. What does Introduction to Literature cover? Introduction to Literature is a college-preparatory literature and composition course. Focus works, including novels, short stories, poems, and drama, have been selected for literary quality, interest, and for their place in the historical development of literature.

    Context readings provide background information about the author, the historical period, and the literary and artistic context of the focus work. Students will gain an understanding of the development of literature and will practice the skills of close literary analysis through essays, approach papers, and other evaluative writing. Have specific understanding of selected representative texts by major authors of the periods studied. Have a general understanding of the historical and cultural contexts of the works.

    Be able to analyze literary texts and present thoughtfully developed ideas in writing. Demonstrate competence in essay organization, style, and mechanics. How can Introduction to Literature help you? Self-directed: Like all the volumes of the Excellence in Literature curriculum, Introduction to Literature is written mostly to the student.

    The book begins by introducing the purpose and focus of the curriculum, then go on to provide information that will be useful as students work through the modules, including chapters on How to Read a Book and How to Write an Essay, as well as Discerning Worldview through Literary Periods. Structured and easy to use: Following the nine modules that outline readings and a week-by-week lesson plan for each of the classic works being studied, you will find reference resources online resource links are kept updated at the EIL site , including instructions for evaluation, reproducible rubric and assignment sheets, and more.

    You can see an annotated listing of each of the introductory and reference chapters at the " What is included in Excellence in Literature " post.

    Optional Honors track: In the listing below, the highlighted book is the focus text, and the honors book is optional additional reading for students who want to earn an honors grade or prepare for a CLEP.

    A brief chapter in each book provides instructions for the additional writing that will round out the honors grade. Each book below is linked to edition I prefer at Amazon. These are affiliate links, of course — that means I get a few cents from each book purchase, but it doesn't change your cost at all. Module 1: Short Stories Links to the stories are found in the study guide. Honors: Murder in the Cathedral by T.

    An advanced-level literature review shows how prior research is linked to a new project, summarizing and synthesizing what is known while identifying gaps in the knowledge base, facilitating theory development, closing areas where enough research already exists, and uncovering areas where more research is needed.

    Unlike an annotated bibliography or a research paper you may have written as an undergraduate, your literature review will outline, evaluate and synthesize relevant research and relate those sources to your own thesis or research question. It is much more than a summary of all the related literature. It is a type of writing that demonstrate the importance of your research by defining the main ideas and the relationship between them. A good literature review lays the foundation for the importance of your stated problem and research question.

    Additionally, you may review the literature of different disciplines to find deeper meaning and understanding of your topic. It is especially important to consider other disciplines when you do not find much on your topic in one discipline. Well developed literature reviews involve numerous steps and activities.

    Literature Review Guide: Examples of Literature Reviews

    The literature review is an iterative process because you will do at least two of them: a preliminary search to learn what has been published in your area and whether there is sufficient support in the literature for moving ahead with your subject. After this first exploration, you will conduct a deeper dive into the literature to learn everything you can about the topic and its related issues.

    All literature reviews, whether they are qualitative, quantitative or both, will at some point: Introduce the topic and define its key terms Establish the importance of the topic Provide an overview of the amount of available literature and its types for example: theoretical, statistical, speculative Identify gaps in the literature Point out consistent finding across studies Arrive at a synthesis that organizes what is known about a topic Discusses possible implications and directions for future research Types of Literature Reviews There are many different types of literature reviews, however there are some shared characteristics or features that all share.

    Remember a comprehensive literature review is, at its most fundamental level, an original work based on an extensive critical examination and synthesis of the relevant literature on a topic. As a study of the research on a particular topic, it is arranged by key themes or findings, which may lead up to or link to the research question.

    In some cases, the research question will drive the type of literature review that is undertaken. The following section includes brief descriptions of the terms used to describe different literature review types with examples of each. The included citations are open access, Creative Commons licensed or copyright-restricted. Conceptual Guided by an understanding of basic issues rather than a research methodology, the writer of a conceptual literature review is looking for key factors, concepts or variables and the presumed relationship between them.

    The goal of the conceptual literature review is to categorize and describe concepts relevant to the study or topic and outline a relationship between them, including relevant theory and empirical research. Are we asking the right questions? Empirical literature reviews present their summaries in quantifiable terms using descriptive and inferential statistics. Exploratory The purpose of an exploratory review is to provide a broad approach to the topic area. The aim is breadth rather than depth and to get a general feel for the size of the topic area.

    A graduate student might do an exploratory review of the literature before beginning a more comprehensive one e. Focused This type of literature review is limited to a single aspect of previous research, such as methodology. Identify key questions Your ultimate aim is to bring something new to the conversation. Collecting resources will help you determine the important questions that need to be addressed. Determine methodologies used in past studies Knowing how others have approached a particular topic will give you the opportunity to identify problems and find new ways to research and study a topic.

    If the reported methodology was successful, you can use it and save time that you would otherwise be spending on optimization. Presenting Literature Review in the Introduction and Discussion Sections There are many benefits to presenting literature reviews in the introduction and discussion sections of your manuscripts. However, there are differences in how you can present literature reviews in each section.

    Introduction to Literature Reviews

    The literature reviewed in the introduction should: Introduce the topic Establish the significance of the study Provide an overview of the relevant literature Establish a context for the study using the literature Identify knowledge gaps Illustrate how the study will advance knowledge on the topic As you can see, literature review plays a significant role in the introduction section. However, there are some things that you should avoid doing in this section. These include: Elaborating on the studies mentioned in the literature review Using studies from the literature review to aggressively support your research Directly quoting studies from the literature review It is important to know how to integrate the literature review into the introduction in an effective way.

    Although you can mention other studies, they should not be the focus. Burns Modern Fiction Studies. The Short Story. The Reality of Artifice. New York: Twain. Charles May, ed. Athens: Ohio UP. The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama. London and New York: Methuen. ISBN Provided by: Wikipedia.


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