Nutrition test questions answers


  • Nutrition Practice Test Questions
  • Food and Nutrition Questions and Answers | quiz on nutrition
  • Fundamentals of Nursing NCLEX Practice Quiz (600 Questions)
  • True or false – Top 12 nutrition questions answered!
  • Nutrition & Healthy Eating Quiz
  • Quiz – Lesson #2
  • Nutrition Practice Test Questions

    Question 32 of 75 Question The nurse in charge is transferring a patient from the bed to a chair. Which action does the nurse take during this patient transfer? Position the head of the bed flat. Helps the patient dangle the legs. Stands behind the patient. Place the chair facing away from the bed. Correct Question 33 of 75 Question A female patient who speaks a little English has emergency gallbladder surgery, during discharge preparation, which nursing action would best help this patient understand wound care instruction?

    Asking frequently if the patient understands the instruction. Asking an interpreter to replay the instructions to the patient. Writing out the instructions and having a family member read them to the patient. Demonstrating the procedure and having the patient return the demonstration. Correct Question 34 of 75 What should the nurse in charge do?

    Discard the syringe to avoid a medication error. Obtain a label for the syringe from the pharmacy. Use the syringe because it looks like it contains the same medication the nurse was prepared to give. Call the day nurse to verify the contents of the syringe.

    Correct Question 35 of 75 Question When administering drug therapy to a male geriatric patient, the nurse must stay especially alert for adverse effects. Which factor makes geriatric patients have adverse drug effects? Faster drug clearance C. Increased amount of neurons D.

    Enhanced blood flow to the GI tract Correct Question 36 of 75 Question A female patient is being discharged after cataract surgery. After providing medication teaching, the nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. The nurse is performing which professional role?

    Food and Nutrition Questions and Answers | quiz on nutrition

    Answers and Explanations 1. A In addition to the above-mentioned foods, legumes including broad beans, pinto beans, and soybeans are good sources of antioxidant vitamins and a variety of phytonutrients that often act as antioxidants, protecting the cells of the body from the damaging effect of free radicals. Some of the best sources of antioxidants are berries, ginger, pomegranate, sunflower seeds, and walnuts. It is not because coffee is especially high in antioxidants, but because Americans drink so much of it.

    Their morning coffee gives Americans nearly 1, mg daily of antioxidants in the form of polyphenols. C Although essential fatty acids are required for human metabolism, the body does not produce linoleic acid LA or? Also known as polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFAs , omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids play vital roles in brain function as well as normal growth and development.

    B In addition to the above-mentioned facts, omega-3 fatty acids are necessary for the structure of cell membranes, especially in the brain and retina. The cardioprotective effects of omega-3 fatty acids relate to improvements in blood pressure, cardiac function, and arterial and vascular function as well as improved lipid metabolism, antiplatelet, and anti-inflammatory effects.

    D Scurvy is caused by insufficient consumption of vitamin C. Although it is rare, older adults, persons who abuse alcohol, and those who eat a diet that does not contain fresh fruit and vegetables may be at risk of developing scurvy.

    Along with the above-mentioned symptoms, persons with scurvy may suffer bleeding gums, petechial hemorrhage of the skin and mucous membranes, bleeding in the eye, hyperkeratosis, and sicca syndrome. D Coenzyme Q10 CoQ10 is a fat-soluble quinone, a vitamin-like compound that is vital for activities related to energy metabolism.

    CoQ10 is the coenzyme for at least three mitochondrial enzymes as well as enzymes in other parts of the cell and is involved in the key biochemical reactions that produce energy in cells. It also is a free radical scavenger and is metabolized to ubiquinol, which prolongs the antioxidant effect of vitamin E.

    The highest amounts of it are found in the mitochondria of cells of organs with high-energy requirements such as the heart muscle, liver, kidneys, and pancreas. A Humans obtain vitamin D from two natural sources: sunlight and consumed food. Solar UVB radiation penetrates the skin and converts 7-dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D3, which is rapidly converted to vitamin D3. Along with the above-mentioned foods, cod liver oil is a potent source of vitamin D and some orange juice, soy, and rice beverages are fortified with vitamin D.

    A Vitamin K1 is a cofactor needed for the synthesis of some of the substances that help blood to clot. In adults, low dietary intake of vitamin K may be the result of chronic illness, malnutrition, alcoholism, multiple abdominal surgeries, long-term parenteral nutrition, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, liver disease, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and long-term use of drugs such as antibiotics and cholestyramine, which binds to bile acids, preventing fat-soluble vitamin absorption.

    B Probiotics protect against harmful bacteria in the following ways: by penetrating and binding to the surfaces of harmful organisms; by stimulating the lining of the digestive tract to prevent penetration by pathogens; and by modifying immunoregulation. Probiotics have been shown to relieve temporary abdominal bloating and to reduce intestinal gas.

    C Prebiotics are primarily oligosaccharides-short chains of sugar molecules that can only partially be digested. Most naturally occurring oligosaccharides are found in plants.

    Prebiotics are often called bifidogenic factors because they primarily stimulate growth of bifidobacteria. Prebiotics work in concert with probiotics and have been found to produce many of the same health benefits. B Beri-beri is rarely seen in the United States because many foods are fortified with thiamine.

    Persons at risk of developing beri-beri include those who abuse alcohol, persons on dialysis, and those taking high doses of diuretics as well as infants breastfed by mothers who lack sufficient thiamine. D Trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by sudden onset of severe pain that lasts less than a minute. It presents most commonly in persons age 50 and older and among women. The frequency and severity of attacks recurs and remits, progressively worsening over time. While the disorder may be debilitating, it is not life threatening.

    A Tourette Syndrome is characterized by tics — repetitive, involuntary behaviors, vocalizations and movements such as eye blinking, grimacing and shrugging, or jerky muscle movements. Tics also may include self-harm such as repetitively punching oneself as well as coprolalia and echolalia. Persons with Tourette syndrome frequently suffer behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention disorders, and repetitive behaviors.

    B The USDA Dietary Guidelines suggest that most dietary fats should be obtained from sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, such as fish, nuts, and vegetable oils.

    C In addition to the above-mentioned actions, vitamin B3, also known as niacin or nicotinic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for cell respiration and supports the circulation, skin, nervous system, and secretion of bile.

    Insufficient niacin intake is associated with symptoms such as canker sores, depression, fatigue, indigestion, weakness, skin problems, and inflammation. Chronic niacin deficiency is called pellagra. Excessive sodium consumption is associated with increased risk for hypertension, which is associated with increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

    C Long-term inadequate intake of calcium is associated with low bone mass, rapid bone loss, and high risk of fracture. In addition to the above-mentioned risk factors, chronic use of glucocorticoids, some anticonvulsants, inactivity, smoking, and changes in sex hormones such as amenorrhea, menopause, and low testosterone may increase the risk for osteoporosis. D Low carbohydrate diets promote ketosis, the process of breaking down fat as opposed to carbohydrate to generate energy. Ketones are acidic chemicals, which can build up in the blood and urine.

    Diet-induced ketosis may be intentional as a treatment for some people with epilepsy, however, for some people, long-term adherence to a very low carbohydrate diet may produce damage to the liver and kidneys. Successful dieters maintain their motivation by celebrating the achievement of weight-loss milestones D In addition to the above-mentioned populations, supplemental iron may be given to treat anemia that occurs during pregnancy or as a result of heavy menstrual periods, kidney disease, or chemotherapy.

    Supplemental iron also may be recommended for vegetarians and women who are lactating. Iron requirements decrease for post-menopausal women. All trademarks are property of their respective owners.

    Fundamentals of Nursing NCLEX Practice Quiz (600 Questions)

    D Scurvy is caused by insufficient consumption of vitamin C. Although it is rare, older adults, persons who abuse alcohol, and those who eat a diet that does not contain fresh fruit and vegetables may be at risk of developing scurvy. Along with the above-mentioned symptoms, persons with scurvy may suffer bleeding gums, petechial hemorrhage of the skin and mucous membranes, bleeding in the eye, hyperkeratosis, and sicca syndrome.

    True or false – Top 12 nutrition questions answered!

    D Coenzyme Q10 CoQ10 is a fat-soluble quinone, a vitamin-like compound that is vital for activities related to energy metabolism. CoQ10 is the coenzyme for at least three mitochondrial enzymes as well as enzymes in other parts of the cell and is involved in the key biochemical reactions that produce energy in cells. It also is a free radical scavenger and is metabolized to ubiquinol, which prolongs the antioxidant effect of vitamin E.

    The highest amounts of it are found in the mitochondria of cells of organs with high-energy requirements such as the heart muscle, liver, kidneys, and pancreas. A Humans obtain vitamin D from two natural sources: sunlight and consumed food. Solar UVB radiation penetrates the skin and converts 7-dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D3, which is rapidly converted to vitamin D3. Along with the above-mentioned foods, cod liver oil is a potent source of vitamin D and some orange juice, soy, and rice beverages are fortified with vitamin D.

    A Vitamin K1 is a cofactor needed for the synthesis of some of the substances that help blood to clot. In adults, low dietary intake of vitamin K may be the result of chronic illness, malnutrition, alcoholism, multiple abdominal surgeries, long-term parenteral nutrition, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, liver disease, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and long-term use of drugs such as antibiotics and cholestyramine, which binds to bile acids, preventing fat-soluble vitamin absorption.

    B Probiotics protect against harmful bacteria in the following ways: by penetrating and binding to the surfaces of harmful organisms; by stimulating the lining of the digestive tract to prevent penetration by pathogens; and by modifying immunoregulation.

    Probiotics have been shown to relieve temporary abdominal bloating and to reduce intestinal gas. C Prebiotics are primarily oligosaccharides-short chains of sugar molecules that can only partially be digested. Most naturally occurring oligosaccharides are found in plants. Prebiotics are often called bifidogenic factors because they primarily stimulate growth of bifidobacteria.

    Prebiotics work in concert with probiotics and have been found to produce many of the same health benefits.

    Nutrition & Healthy Eating Quiz

    B Beri-beri is rarely seen in the United States because many foods are fortified with thiamine. Persons at risk of developing beri-beri include those who abuse alcohol, persons on dialysis, and those taking high doses of diuretics as well as infants breastfed by mothers who lack sufficient thiamine. D Trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by sudden onset of severe pain that lasts less than a minute.

    It presents most commonly in persons age 50 and older and among women. The frequency and severity of attacks recurs and remits, progressively worsening over time.

    While the disorder may be debilitating, it is not life threatening. A Tourette Syndrome is characterized by tics — repetitive, involuntary behaviors, vocalizations and movements such as eye blinking, grimacing and shrugging, or jerky muscle movements.

    Most commercially available olive oils have low levels of polyphenols associated with poor harvesting methods, improper storage, and heavy processing. Remember olive is best consumed cold, so use it as a salad dressing by mixing it with apple cider vinegar, salt and some dried herbs. Sugary soft drinks lead to diabetes? Short answer: True The majority of health research is stacked against sugar-sweetened soft drinks.

    If you crave a drink with fizz, try soda water with some fresh lemon squeezed into it. Nuts make you fat? The bigger factor leading to weight gain is portion-size.

    Quiz – Lesson #2

    Luckily, nuts are loaded with healthy fats that keep you full. Walking is as effective as running? Short answer: True Studies have shown that how long you exercise — and thus how many calories you burn — is more important than how hard you exercise. Running is a more efficient form of exercise, but not necessarily better for you. A six-year study published in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology in April found that walking at a moderate pace and running produced similar health benefits, so long as the same amount of energy was expended.

    Drinking fruit juice is as good for you as eating fruit? Short answer: False Calorie for calorie, whole fruit provides more nutritional benefits than drinking the pure juice of that fruit. For comparison, half a glass of orange juice that contains 69 calories has. Not only that, when you take away the fibre, the sugar from the juice causes a blood sugar spike, which can leave you craving more.

    All wheat breads better for you than white bread? Short answer: False Not all wheat breads are created equal. Whole grains are also richer in fibre, slowing down how quickly your body breaks down the bread and leaving you feeling fuller for longer.

    Does coffee cause cancer? Short answer: False Coffee got a bad rap in the s when a study linked drinking coffee to pancreatic cancer. The preliminary report was later debunked. The trick is to not drink too much!


    thoughts on “Nutrition test questions answers

    1. It is a pity, that now I can not express - it is very occupied. I will be released - I will necessarily express the opinion on this question.

    2. You are not right. I am assured. I can defend the position. Write to me in PM, we will discuss.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *