Plans for making a potato digger


  • How To Make A Potato Digger For A Tiller With Your Own Hands
  • Build process How to make a potato digger for a tiller with your own hands drawings Planting, growing and especially harvesting potatoes is not an easy job. Anyone who has done this work at least once should remember the sensations of endless swinging a shovel while digging out potatoes. We invite you to find out how to make a potato digger with your own hands for a tractor. Drawings and photos from this article will help you make high-quality equipment at minimal cost.

    We offer a brief description of the necessary materials and the sequence of assembly of individual elements, the dimensions and drawing of the mechanism, as well as how to make a do-it-yourself potato digger for a tractor.

    A DIY potato digger for a tractor removes potato tubers from the ground and leaves them on the surface. It remains only to collect the potatoes. See: Homemade Potato Digger to Tiller The frame of the potato digger for the tiller is according to the drawings and is welded from the corner and channel.

    You can customize your equipment. To make a tiller potato digger, you need to follow these steps: The share is assembled from metal plates and fixed to the elevator casing. The elevator can change the angle and this changes the digging angle.

    Parts that will participate in the direct digging process must be sharpened round. This will help avoid cutting the potato tubers during digging. The reduction unit is made of 2 cylindrical housings of different diameters connecting the driving and driven shafts, which are made of steel.

    Sprockets with welded hubs are fixed on the shaft keys. Interesting: Roaring potato digger for tiller. Dimensions Another detail of the potato digger is the cleaning drum, which is a construction of two roller chains put on rods. For durability, the structure is mounted on curved discs. The rotating shaft transmits the movement to the sprockets, from which the axes of the cleaner drum rotate. The slider is made of plastic, which ensures good sliding of the chain. The digger input shaft is mounted in a casing.

    A sprocket with a bearing is attached to the input axle. Spacer sleeves are attached to both sides of the sprocket. See the drawings of the potato digger on the tiller: Now you know how the potato digger for the Neva tiller is made with your own hands. Dimensions according to drawings and. The use of agricultural machinery, even assembled by hand, significantly reduces the time of routine and laborious agricultural operations.

    It will also increase yields and better preserve potatoes grown using advanced technologies. Drum type potato digger The drum-type potato digger has performed well in large-area harvesting. This unit consists of three parts: Frames with wheels; Knife ploughshare ; A rotating drum made of steel rods.

    The knife is hinged to the frame. It cuts the soil, which, along with the tubers, enters the drum. When the drum rotates, lumps of soil are broken and the earth wakes up through the grate down.

    Potatoes move to the end of the drum and fall onto the arable land. The drum is connected to the tractor shaft through gear drives, chains and a reducer, from where torque is transmitted to it. The wide blade cuts deep into the soil, which reduces crop losses to a minimum, and the passage of tubers through the cavity of the drum does not damage them. This unit justifies the cost and time for its manufacture with high performance.

    How to make a homemade potato digger for a tiller Before you start making a potato digger for a tiller, you should decide what kind of digger you want to have in your farm. This largely depends on the density of the soil, since, for example, a simple lancet digger can easily handle light soils. With a soil with a dense structure, a simple digger will not help you much. It is quite easy to make a simple potato digger.

    Drawing of a fan potato digger for tiller The lancet bipod can be cut from an old shovel, and fork teeth or rebar are used as guide rods. DIY potato digger. Digging potatoes in one or two days is especially important in cold, rainy autumn, when it is difficult to choose a fine day to go to the fields. The potato digger will help to speed up the work, you can make a simple and effective unit with your own hands, which is not inferior in performance to factory counterparts.

    READ Do-it-yourself roaring potato digger for a tiller Fan potato digger for tiller The fan potato digger has several names. It is also called lancet digger and paw. The unit is simple in design and removes tubers well from the ground.

    The digger is attached to the tiller. A ploughshare with a sharp end loosens the earth. The potato is removed from the ground, falls on the inclined surface of the share and moves onto the metal rods. The soil is separated from the tubers and pours into the arable land through the twigs. Potatoes, moving up the raised twigs, fall to the ground where they can be harvested. Digging with a fan digger allows the presence of rare and low weed in the field.

    Potato tops are mowed before harvesting. Which potato digger is better? For small areas, a simple fan digger is enough. If potatoes are grown annually in large areas, not only for themselves, but also for sale, it is better to choose a screening or conveyor potato digger.

    Mechanical devices for digging potatoes allow you to quickly harvest and clear the crop from the ground. At the same time, with mechanized harvesting, there will always be crop losses, since the steel ploughshare does not extract tubers from the potato bushes that have grown to the sides.

    Potato diggers do not dig up tubers that sit deep in the soil. This happens if the land is too loose and fertile. DIY vibration option The digger of the screening or vibration type has moving parts, which significantly complicates the design, therefore the mechanism requires precise manufacturing. However, a device of this type performs well on hard and wet ground, pruning it well.

    You need to know how to make a potato digger with your own hands without the use of outside help in order to save money. Manufacturing procedure: Form the frame. Saw the pipe into 4 pieces. It is advisable to use blanks with a square section. You need two segments cm long, and two 80 cm long. The pipe section is 4 by 4 cm. The parts are welded into a rectangle.

    Jumpers are installed that will serve as the base of the control rods. On the one hand, the elements are mounted on a quarter of the length of the frame base, and on the other, two blanks for fastening the wheels.

    To do this, you need two tubes with a diameter of 3 cm and a length of 15 cm. Install the racks vertically. From the side where the jumpers are located, at a distance of 5 mm from the edge of the frame, 2 sheets of 50 cm long are fixed. At a distance of 20 cm from them, 4 cm long racks are installed. Then another 40 cm recede and 30 cm long racks are placed. The Ralo is made of sheet metal. It should be 40 by 40 cm in size and at least 3 mm thick. The workpiece is rigidly attached to the racks from below.

    The second workpiece, 70 by 70 cm in size and 4 mm thick, is butt welded to the first, then a cone shape is bent with a sledgehammer. The lattice is made of metal rods with a diameter of 1 cm.

    At the bottom they are attached to the rail, and the other end extends beyond the perimeter of the frame. You will need 10 to 15 rods. For additional rigidity, two rods should be welded across the structure. The wheels are installed in a pre-prepared place. Manufacturing work is simple.

    From what requires special skills, you only need to be able to work with welding. Drawings and dimensions of a home-made screening digger may differ depending on the model of the MTZ mini-tractor or tiller. For the latter, a device should be made that will not interfere with control. Do not forget about weight. Roaring Potato Digger This potato digger is also called vibrating potato digger, shaker digger. The roaring potato digger consists of three parts.

    The potato digger is made within a few hours; the work requires experience and skill in working with agricultural machinery. For the manufacture of the unit you will need: Angle Grinder; Drill, drill bits for metal; Metal profile with a side of a square 2.

    You will also need a ruler and a pencil for marking. The order of work in the manufacture of a roaring potato digger: Measure and cut a metal profile for the frame frame ; The frame is welded; At the bottom of the frame, wheel stands are welded; Holders for hinges are welded inside the frame, on which the screen will be suspended; Brackets are welded to the frame for installing the gearbox and mechanisms that will create reciprocating movements vibration in the unit; A sieve box roar is welded from metal rods; The hinged screen is suspended inside the frame; A gearbox, other equipment for creating vibration is attached to the brackets, and they are connected to the roar.

    During operation, the rotation of the tiller shaft is transmitted through the mechanisms lever and connecting rod to the roar, the vibrations create the rotation of the eccentric; A potato digger knife is cut out of a steel sheet and bent to the desired shape; The hinged plowshare knife is attached to the lower part of the frame and the screen; The wheels are put on and fixed on the unit.

    A ploughshare knife for a gravity potato digger is made in different shapes.

    Picking up lifted potatoes and crating them. Photo Nina Gentle Preparing for potato harvest When the leaves start to turn pale, the plant has finished its leaf-growing stage and will be putting energy into sizing up the tubers under the ground. Avoid irrigating at the end of the growing period or the potatoes may develop hollow heart, make knobby secondary growths or even crack.

    For maximum yield, and to harvest for storage, wait until the tops are completely dead. In England, we planted in spring and harvested in October, waiting for the frost to kill the vines. For our unmulched March-planted July harvest, we mow two weeks before our planned harvest, to fit a tight crop turnaround. In hot weather the cut tops and weeds dry up.

    If more weeds grow, we mow again the day before harvest. For our fall-harvested crop, planted and mulched in June, we need to remove the mulch after the mowing and before the harvest. This is a slow job, but necessary, and the mulch makes a good addition to our compost pile. If it looks like rains will delay the harvest, or nights are forecast to be very frosty, we delay de-mulching until the day before harvest.

    Varieties such as Red Pontiac, Yukon Gold and Kennebec are determinate — they grow as a bush, then flower and die. If you have indeterminate varieties such as Russet Nugget, Nicola, German Butterball or Elba, you will need to kill the vines.

    You can bring about an early vine death by mowing or flaming. This will also remove weed growth that could interfere with your digging equipment. Potato harvest in progress. Note the line up of garden carts to haul away the bounty. Photo Nina Gentle Whether the vines die naturally at the end of their lifespan, or they die of disease, or the frost kills them, or you do it yourself by mowing or flaming, it helps storability to wait weeks more before harvesting to allow the skins to toughen up.

    They become more resistant to scrapes and bruises and the potatoes become higher in dry matter. Harvesting is also easier if the vines are well dead. Test by digging up a sample and rubbing the skins. Be sure to have enough crates, buckets, totes, gloves and workers. Not too dry, not too wet.

    This reduces damage from scraping. Because soil temperature lags hours behind air temperature rise each day, in cold weather, try to harvest late in the day, but with time to finish before dark.

    In hot weather, harvest in the morning as early as possible. Tuber temperature will also affect bruise and rot susceptibility.

    To use our potato digger we have to remove the mulch first. It does a good job in clean soil and an excellent job in clean fairly dry soil but gets stuck if we have a lot of organic material on the soil weeds or mulch. The rest of the crew follows, picking up and sorting the potatoes. If they are wet, we leave them to dry for a short time. We try not to leave any potato parts in the field, to reduce the chance of spreading diseases. When freshly harvested, potatoes are tender, breathing things.

    In hot weather we aim to work until done and not leave any potatoes in the field baking for long. In cold weather we aim to get done before nightfall and not have any freeze overnight!

    Chain of people moving crates of potatoes from the truck to stack under a big pine tree. Photo Nina Gentle When harvesting in summer, we stack the crates of potatoes covered with a tarp, under a big tree overnight to lose some of the field heat before moving them to the root cellar early next morning. For the fall harvest, if the weather is chilly, we take the crates straight into the root cellar.

    Potatoes you take from storage can be no better than the quality of the potatoes you put into storage! Potato harvesting raises rocks to the surface, so we try to find time soon after the potato harvest to collect them for use in road repairs and construction. In my book Sustainable Market Farming, in the potato chapter, I made a mistake and gave these as pounds per acre, which would be a miserable yield! While curing, the root cellar will need hours of ventilation every two or three days.

    The potatoes are still actively respiring, so they need a good oxygen supply. Failure to ventilate enough can lead to Blackheart, where the inner tissue of the potatoes dies and turns black. Potatoes will heat up if left closed in. Try hard to avoid having the cellar cool down, then warm up.

    That causes the potatoes to sprout. If there is too much condensation, use a fan and open the cellar doors, when temperatures are closest to the goal. During the curing period, the skins toughen up more, and cut surfaces and superficial wounds heal over, enabling long-term storage.

    Sorting potatoes in early November. Photo Wren Vile Sorting and preparing for long-term storage After two weeks, we sort through the whole storage crop for rot, We find that this single thorough sorting can remove almost all of the storage problems that are going to happen. Not sorting at this point lets rots spread. After the curing period, the potatoes become more dormant and do not respire so actively. Fresh air is needed about once a week in weeks , after which air exchange is not needed.

    If the cellar is too warm, you will need to ventilate to lower the temperature. Constant temperatures or a steady decline is the goal, not dramatic fluctuations, as these can cause stress and physiological aging, which leads to sprouting. Hotter temperatures promote more rot, and age the potatoes faster, also leading to early sprouting.

    Potatoes have a natural dormancy of days depending on the storage temperature. After that period, they will start to sprout. I will address long-term storage and preventing sprouting in Part 5 next month.

    In hot weather we aim to work until done and not leave any potatoes in the field baking for long. In cold weather we aim to get done before nightfall and not have any freeze overnight! Chain of people moving crates of potatoes from the truck to stack under a big pine tree. Photo Nina Gentle When harvesting in summer, we stack the crates of potatoes covered with a tarp, under a big tree overnight to lose some of the field heat before moving them to the root cellar early next morning.

    For the fall harvest, if the weather is chilly, we take the crates straight into the root cellar. Potatoes you take from storage can be no better than the quality of the potatoes you put into storage! Potato harvesting raises rocks to the surface, so we try to find time soon after the potato harvest to collect them for use in road repairs and construction.

    In my book Sustainable Market Farming, in the potato chapter, I made a mistake and gave these as pounds per acre, which would be a miserable yield! While curing, the root cellar will need hours of ventilation every two or three days. The potatoes are still actively respiring, so they need a good oxygen supply. Failure to ventilate enough can lead to Blackheart, where the inner tissue of the potatoes dies and turns black.

    Potatoes will heat up if left closed in. Try hard to avoid having the cellar cool down, then warm up. That causes the potatoes to sprout. If there is too much condensation, use a fan and open the cellar doors, when temperatures are closest to the goal. During the curing period, the skins toughen up more, and cut surfaces and superficial wounds heal over, enabling long-term storage. Sorting potatoes in early November. Photo Wren Vile Sorting and preparing for long-term storage After two weeks, we sort through the whole storage crop for rot, We find that this single thorough sorting can remove almost all of the storage problems that are going to happen.

    Not sorting at this point lets rots spread. After the curing period, the potatoes become more dormant and do not respire so actively. S This is a double row model that can work in automatic mode When working with this attachment, you can adjust the width of the rows, the distance between the tubers and the planting depth. The capacity of the unit is 0. Serviced by one tractor driver, for work you will need a mini-tractor of 0. Homemade potato digger If you don't want to spend money on factory attachments, you can equip your mini tractor with a homemade potato digger.

    It should be noted right away that it is recommended to undertake the manufacture of such a structure only by preparing preliminary drawings and sketches. Drawings will help you accurately determine the amount of material and calculate the pulling force. It is better to entrust the execution of this work to a person with a technical education. Having prepared the drawings, you can start assembling attachments for a mini-tractor. First, you need to make a frame.

    It is necessary to take a metal corner or channel. Parts of the frame are welded together using electric welding. Then, the main working plane - a ploughshare - is made from a sheet of metal or a piece of a water pipe. This part is designed to open up the soil. Some farmers attach the ploughshare to the elevator frame by welding.

    This is a mistake, such a knife will not last long, because it bears the main load. The best option there will be a threaded connection. The elevator itself is attached to the frame at an angle. For this, a "glass" with bushings is made from a steel profile. The bushings are interconnected by shafts made of high-strength steel. Gear wheels with hubs are installed on the shaft keys.

    To make a drive drum, you will need roller chains and a bar. The rod should be round, chains will be put on it. For the reliability of the structure, two metal discs are welded on the sides. The drum is installed on a fixed axle, which must be inserted into the casing. After that, a sprocket with a support bearing is installed.

    A homemade potato digger for a mini-tractor is ready to go. Making such a structure with your own hands is a rather time-consuming process. You will also need electric welding skills and engineering skills. If you are just trying yourself as an inventor, then it is much easier to purchase a factory model. The cost of domestic single-row potato diggers does not exceed 30, rubles. Usually the purchase costs are justified in one season. For those who are familiar with welding work firsthand and like to tinker with various devices, I would like to add that the above design of a homemade digger is far from the only one.

    On the vastness of the World Wide Web, you can find drawings of various devices designed for harvesting root crops. Having understood the principle of operation and having studied the diagrams and drawings, you can try to create attachments according to your own project. The uniqueness of the principle of operation of my home-made potato digger is as follows: when driving behind a mini-tractor between rows, the trailing mechanism with its shovel-like share raises the boletus row of potatoes and releases the fruits.

    The crop, a little soil, as well as the remains of the haulm end up on the chain-bar conveyor of the elevator. In other designs, after the conveyor, the fruits fall through the through-feed chute into the peeling drum, at the reception in which they endlessly accumulate, increasing the harvesting time.

    In my home-made harvesting mechanism there is no cleaning drum - the earth is poured through the grate while still on the conveyor, the dried zalando coding test do not cause much inconvenience, and the peeled fruits fall into the storage hopper.

    Design The harvester is simple in design - it consists of a large number of units and parts from decommissioned agricultural machinery, primarily from old, industrial potato harvesting equipment.

    The technology of its manufacture, however, is simple - you just need to have a hacksaw for metal, an electric drill and a welding machine turning work is present in a minimum amount. Homemade potato digger drawings Kinematic basis: 3 chain and 1 chain-bar transmission when using roller chains of moped sprockets, bicycles and agricultural units.

    Explanations for the drawing: 1, 2 - hinge and linkage rods conventionally not shown in the front view3 - frame of the geared motor unit, 4 - fuel tank5 - engine, 6 - drive chain of the elevator conveyor, 7 - storage hopper, 8 - wheel carriage, 9 - adjusting strips, 10 - elevator attachment point, 11 - chain-bar conveyor, 12 - elevator side, 13 - share.

    Elevator device And now in more detail about each of the most important nodes. The most important among them is the elevator. It performs 2 functions: transporting - moving and cleaning potatoes, as well as the function of the baji ki gand chudai mumbai me sex story - a complete geared mechanism is attached to its frame.

    The elevator is mounted asymmetrically to the wheel carriage. Homemade elevator drawing Elevator conveyor and slopes are conventionally not shown in the top view : 1 - share, 2, 10 - borg, 3, 9 - slopes.

    The elevator frame is made of 45x45 mm angle profiles. A ploughshare and housings of support and traction sprockets on the conveyor drive shaft are attached to it. Chain and bar conveyor caterpillar - from a decommissioned combine for harvesting potatoes. Its chains were reduced to approximately mm 44 rods were madeand the rods were shortened to mm. The caterpillar is equipped with shovels for grasping fruits in their absence, large fruits would roll down and mounted on support sprockets, the front sprockets are adjustable they determine the level of chain tension.

    The conveyor is driven by traction sprockets on the drive shaft. Moreover, the speed is greater than the movement of the tractor between the rows, otherwise the combine would not be able to cope with the amount of incoming fruits. The sides of sheet steel thickness - 1 mm are attached to the corner frames of the frame, slopes are attached to the sides that close the chains so that the potatoes do not get there.

    Moreover, two pairs of brackets are installed: one pair for slats, which adjust the angle of inclination in relation to the wheel carriage, and another pair for installing the elevator to the carriage. As indicated above, a geared motor mechanism with its own base is mounted to the elevator.

    Power section The motor is from the D-6 moped, without any upgrades however, it is very desirable to install a forced cooling fan. Its power is more than enough to drive the conveyor. It is practically not used in light soils; Ogival. Can be installed on any type of tiller. There are no motive nodes. During work, the earth is undermined with special cutting knives, after which the soil falls on the rods and sifted, leaving the potatoes. The device is most effective in low-density soil.

    In this you will learn how to make a potato digger: Three standard options form the basis of the simplest DIY potato digger for a tiller. With regard to the types of diggers, a do-it-yourself rumbling potato digger for a tiller is very rarely created. This is due to the fact that the dimensions must be carefully adjusted, since otherwise the digging procedure will be incorrect.

    Basically, a cultivator is made on the basis of two other options. Construction of lancet potato diggers Arrowhead designs are the easiest option for self-creation.

    Main nuances: Not used for hard soil; Consists only of a knife, a soil fuse and a lattice of rods; The shape of the arrangement of the rods is a fan. Due to the location of the rods on the mechanism, this option is also called fan. Digging potatoes with a fan tiller is a simple process. After the knife cuts through the soil, it goes up the twigs, which allows you to partially sift and capture the tubers.

    The tiller potato planter must be strong and resistant to stress. If this condition is not met, then deformation of the fan will occur. This unit has its pros and cons. Drawings of homemade potato diggers If you need to understand how to make a potato digger for a tiller with your own hands, you will need to watch and check the drawings and calculations in advance.

    Any homemade potato digger for a tiller must be created based on the drawing. The drawings show: Dimensions of the structure; The main features of the selected tiller; Types of connections; Angles of inclination of parts and all fasteners.

    Drawings are the basis for creating a potato digger In fact, the drawing is not just a preliminary drawing, but a project that will be recreated with the specified features and calculations. Equipment with conveyor The conveyor conveyor potato digger has a standard form, in which the main elements are a share and a platform with a conveyor. Features: A conveyor is installed on the platform, the type of which is regulated by the requirements; Simple design allows installation on almost any variant of tillers, including domestic manufacturers; Often used in places with hard or loamy soil; The potato digger for the tiller is created strictly according to the specified parameters of the conveyor and platform, as this is necessary for normal digging of tubers.

    When creating yourself, it is worth considering two factors that will affect installation and operation. The first factor is the size of the device to fit the mechanism to the chiller. The calculation should always be made taking into account the parameters of the technique. Another factor is the manifestation of versatility. Most homemade conveyor-type devices can be supplemented with secondary elements.

    A homemade design should consist of several basic elements Any homemade version has a basic set of elements that will be required during manufacture. List: Channel made of metal, preferably stainless type, with a thickness of about 1 cm; Metal-type corners in 3 and 4 cm cross-section; Steel frame with a diameter of 1 cm; Sheet metal 0. Additionally, tools are always required, including standard ones, for example, a wrench for the size of bolts and nuts.

    A tape measure and angle grinder are also required. A welding machine of any type is often used. It can be both gas electric welding and a portable electric welding machine. To create fasteners and holes, you will need not only a drill, but also a set of drills that are suitable in size. The list is compiled on the basis of the created project, that is, if the drawing is drawn up according to an individual plan, then the set of materials will also be specific.

    The specified standard set of materials will be required for standard device creation. Features of screening structures Any tiller with a potato digger has its own characteristics, including a rumbling design.

    Creating a vibratory structure will require the following tools: Angle type grinder; Drill or engraver. Fasteners will also be needed.

    As with any option, a frame is initially created that will carry the entire structure and elements. Additional and basic elements are already being attached to the frame. Features: The whole process of creation is regulated by a drawing with all calculations; Any type of attachment must be prepared in advance; Any deviation from the project leads to incorrect or defective work; After creating a device, adjustment is needed.

    When self-made, the mechanism can have significant differences from the conveyor version. It all depends only on the model of the tiller, as well as on the capabilities of the creator of the homemade mechanism. You will need welding to create screening structures The procedure for making a potato digger with your own hands Digging potatoes with a tiller requires the implementation of all the rules for creating a mechanism that carries out the process.

    The potato planter for the tiller is done according to the established plan.

    How To Make A Potato Digger For A Tiller With Your Own Hands

    The manufacturing order does not change, depending on the design of the mechanism. Stages: Choosing a potato digger option; Preparation of materials; Calculations and creation of a drawing, on the basis of which the mechanism will be made in the future; Design creation and fitting on equipment; Trial work. A trial digging of potatoes with a tiller is a must. Without testing, it is impossible to fully configure the operation of the unit.

    The main point is the creation of the structure.

    Initially, you will need to collect the necessary materials and tools. Next, blanks are created according to the drawings. Each element must have strictly designated dimensions. By design, the first is the creation of a frame frameon which the rest is already attached, including a knife or ploughshare. After the frame is created, preliminary work with the fasteners is carried out.

    Only after that the mechanism is assembled and installed on the equipment. The potato planter is attached to the tiller only after preliminary fitting and adjustment according to the parameters. Fastening can be carried out using separate fasteners or a welded strip. Is it possible to make a potato digger for a tiller yourself Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery Collecting potatoes is an energy-intensive process.

    The potato digger mounted on the tiller makes this task easier and makes the procedure mechanized. To dig up potatoes with a tiller, you need a special device. There is a lot on the internet on this topic. The mechanism itself for digging potato tubers with a tiller can be different, including collected independently.

    To do this, you need to know the basic nuances. Build process The assembly process is regulated by the basic rules, as well as by the features of the device. Each type of mechanism has its own order and assembly conditions. Except for the standard rules, several conditions must be met: The connection of structural elements is performed on the basis of an existing platform or eye; It is the supporting element of the structure that is initially installed; Fitting of parts is in accordance with the parameters indicated in the drawing or diagram; The assembly process is decomposed into stages, depending on the complexity of the design; The last stage is the fitting of the structure to the technique and the test run.


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