Gustar meaning


  • Spanish Grammar: Me gusta
  • Learn How to Use Gustar in Spanish and Avoid an Incredibly Common Mistake
  • Gustar-like verbs in Spanish explained
  • Gustar in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses
  • What does gustar mean
  • Spanish Grammar: Me gusta

    I hope she liked the gift I gave her. If I had liked the atmosphere, I would have stayed longer. As a result, this verb is almost never conjugated in its imperative form. This is because, as established before, when talking about likes and dislikes this verb always works with an indirect object and is conjugated based on it rather than the subject that performs the action. So, you conjugate this verb based on the thing, person or activity that is causing that feeling in you.

    It can be a noun or a verb in the infinitive form. Me gustan mucho las fresas. I like strawberries very much. A Paty no le gustan los perros. Leo and I like to travel a lot. So, it can be applied to talk about activities, objects and animals that you like. Nos gusta ir a la playa. We like going to the beach. My mom really liked going to the theater.

    To be honest, I would like to have many dogs. You can follow the next formula to build singular sentences with gustar. Do you like classical music?

    A Susy le gusta el chocolate blanco. Susy likes white chocolate. We like the Spanish classes very much. A mi hermano le gustan los pasteles de chocolate. My brother likes chocolate cakes. Girl, did you used to like dolls? Claudia me dijo que le gustaron las galletas.

    Claudia told me that she liked the cookies. But if this is not the case…well, things can get awkward very quickly. I promise you, this is not as bad as it sounds. With objects and activities, we use plural and singular nouns, as a result, our conjugations are limited to the third person singular or plural.

    This means that the conjugation matches the person that is liked by someone else. I think Fernando likes me. To be honest, I like you a lot. A mi hermana le gustan Pedro y Pablo. My sister likes Pedro and Pablo. Years ago, I liked you a lot. Of course, you still have to use indirect object pronouns to explain who likes someone. To put it simply, indirect pronouns point out the person who feels the attraction and the conjugation of the verb indicates who they are attracted to.

    Notice that this same idea is applied to the rest of the examples. Although it seems like a big change, the truth is that this conjugation is still based on the person you like! Asking people what they want One super common use of gustar in Spanish that a lot of learners overlook is to use it as a polite way to inquire about what someone wants or needs. Mom, would you like me to help you? Lucas, do you want more salad?

    Excuse me, ladies, would you like me to show you the dessert menu? Check the examples above. If you noticed, gustar is being conjugated like any other verb. Take Note: Although gustar is suitable for asking what people might want or need, it might be too formal to use among your family members or your friends. For more informal situations, you can use the verb querer.

    Gustar la mala vida indicates that someone likes or has a tendency to get into problematic situations. Caer bien is a very common Spanish way to indicate that you like someone in a friendly context.

    Related Resources:.

    Learn How to Use Gustar in Spanish and Avoid an Incredibly Common Mistake

    Only they express their likes… a bit differently. I like horror movies. Do you see any difference in the construction between the Spanish and English versions? I will not spoil the surprise yet. Take a moment to analyze both sentences and reach your own conclusions. Later on in this post, I will reveal the answer and all will become clear. But do not read on yet! First, write down what you think the difference is and then keep reading the post normally. I will wait. We can now move onward and learn how to use the Spanish verb gustar in all its peculiar glory!

    Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. At first glance, you might not notice anything weird. Las chicas gustan mi perro. Mi hermano gusta la comida mexicana. Something must be wrong, and we need to find out what it is. Then we have gustan to like, third person plural. Does this mean it is the horror movies who do the liking?

    No, it does not. That would be impossible! The sentence does not have an asterisk, so it is still grammatically correct! How can we translate the sentence so that it makes sense in English? Now it is clear why the original sentence had a verb in the third person plural. Movies are pleasing to me! Now you can understand exactly what Spanish-speaking people mean when they describe the things they like.

    If you want to see this verb in action, you need to check FluentU. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Give FluentU a free try and see for yourself! But there is a bit more to this verb that you will have to learn before you can use it correctly. Ok, so we know if we really want to have a literal translation of a Spanish sentence with gustar, the closest English version will say that something is pleasing to someone.

    But that is not the only difference we can observe between both sentences. Allow me to give you another example: Nos gustan los fuegos artificiales. Fireworks are pleasing to us, or We like fireworks. If fireworks are pleasing, it means they are the subject of the sentence. Indeed, los fuegos artificiales is the subject of the sentence. Why do they appear at the end of it?

    Both verbs remain in the second position. So we are not that far, I may say. The conjugation of gustar depends on the thing being liked. Gustar triggers this weird behavior in the sentence, moving the subject to the end and bringing the object to the front. In case you got lost there, let me give you a couple of examples: Me gusta el chocolate. Chocolate is pleasing to me, or I like chocolate — el chocolate is a singular noun, so the verb is conjugated accordingly.

    Me gusta la pizza. Pizza is pleasing to me, or I like pizza — la pizza is a singular noun, so the verb is singular. Keep in mind that verbs do not distinguish gender in Spanish, so it does not matter if the noun is masculine or feminine. Me gustan los libros. Books are pleasing to me, or I like books — los libros is a plural noun, so the verb is conjugated accordingly.

    Me gustan las tormentas. Thunderstorms are pleasing to me, or I like thunderstorms — las tormentas is a plural noun, so the verb is also plural. What does all this mean? Way to complicate things, gustar! Gustar requires an indirect object. The final difference we can see between English and Spanish is the object of the sentences. Ice cream — DO. Romantic movies — DO. Ice cream is pleasing to me.

    To whom? To me — IO. Romantic movies are pleasing to us. To us — IO. The next section covers this more in depth. The only thing you really have to remember is that when using gustar, the indirect object comes first.

    You do not even have to take into account what you are liking or the conjugation of gustar! Just add the appropriate indirect object and forget about it.

    Gustar-like verbs in Spanish explained

    Gustar in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses

    You can follow the next formula to build singular sentences with gustar. Do you like classical music? A Susy le gusta el chocolate blanco.

    Susy likes white chocolate. We like the Spanish classes very much. A mi hermano le gustan los pasteles de chocolate. My brother likes chocolate cakes.

    Girl, did you used to like dolls? Claudia me dijo que le gustaron las galletas.

    What does gustar mean

    Claudia told me that she liked the cookies. But if this is not the case…well, things can get awkward very quickly. I promise you, this is not as bad as it sounds. With objects and activities, we use plural and singular nouns, as a result, our conjugations are limited to the third person singular or plural.

    This means that the conjugation matches the person that is liked by someone else. I think Fernando likes me. To be honest, I like you a lot. A mi hermana le gustan Pedro y Pablo. My sister likes Pedro and Pablo. Years ago, I liked you a lot. Of course, you still have to use indirect object pronouns to explain who likes someone. To put it simply, indirect pronouns point out the person who feels the attraction and the conjugation of the verb indicates who they are attracted to.

    Notice that this same idea is applied to the rest of the examples. Although it seems like a big change, the truth is that this conjugation is still based on the person you like! Asking people what they want One super common use of gustar in Spanish that a lot of learners overlook is to use it as a polite way to inquire about what someone wants or needs.

    As discussed earlier, English pronouns are the same for both indirect and direct objects. You can see that most of the Spanish indirect object pronouns look exactly like direct object pronouns except for the third person singular and plural. There is no differentiation between the masculine indirect object pronoun to him and the feminine to her. Because the pronoun le has several meanings, a clarification should be placed either at the beginning of the sentence or after the verb to indicate the gender or even the specific person.

    To create a clarification, the preposition a is followed by a subject pronoun. Indirect object pronoun placement In the following sample sentences, the actual indirect object and the indirect object pronoun are rlt in bold print because they both refer to the same thing. But unlike with direct objects, you do not have to eliminate the indirect object to require a pronoun.

    You must use an indirect object pronoun any time there is an indirect object, but you may choose to use only the indirect object pronoun if the actual indirect object is clear. The indirect object pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb or attached to an infinitive like a direct object. Notice in these examples that you can use either the indirect object pronoun without the actual indirect object stated or the indirect object pronoun along with the actual indirect object.

    Note: In Spanish, you cannot sayDoy el dinero a ella. You must use the indirect object pronoun: Le doy el dinero a ella.

    Special verbs with indirect object pronouns There are a few special verbs that work in conjunction with an indirect object pronoun to create an idiomatic expression that is quite common in Spanish as well as its English equivalent. See if you know the meanings of the following sentences. Me gusta la pizza.

    Le gusta bailar. When you learn the patterns of sentences with the verb gustar, you will also be able to use the verbs in Table 2, because they are all used in sentences exactly like gustar. These sentences are tricky, because the English version uses a subject pronoun and the Spanish version uses an indirect object pronoun. Try reading the Spanish sentence backward and it will be more like the English version.

    Because the pronoun le is so vague, a clarification can be placed either at the beginning of the sentence or after gustar to indicate the gender or even the specific person who is pleased. To create a clarification, use the preposition a followed by a subject pronoun. The indirect object precedes the verb gustar to indicate who is pleased. But what makes these sentences stray from the Spanish norm, is that the subject of the sentence—the thing that is doing the pleasing—follows the verb.

    The verb is still conjugated to go with the subject, but the subject is after the verb. Gustan is used when followed by a plural subject, and gusta is used when followed by a singular subject or an infinitive. The indirect object that precedes gusta or gustan does not affect which form of gustar you use.


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