Banding human males


  • Bird Banding
  • Boy Bands are Back! Banding Goats 101
  • The Best Resistance Bands
  • Brian Dijkema: Unlike animals, human workers shouldn’t be electronically banded
  • Fun Facts About Banded Sea Kraits
  • Bird Banding

    I also interviewed Dave Schmitz, a physical therapist and personal trainer who has spent the last two decades coaching clients using resistance bands. In , he launched a retail website, Resistance Band Training , where he sells superbands and accessories.

    I brought the bands we picked and tested to the gym with me and asked other personal trainers to evaluate them, too. I also considered customer reviews of bands on Amazon and perused several best-band roundups at BestProducts. Who this is for Resistance bands offer an easy way to challenge your strength without the clutter and expense of bulky, heavy weights. By stretching against force in pushing or pulling exercises, these rubbery tubes or flat loops add load both on the action and on the return.

    This means you can effectively get stronger without having to lift heavy things against gravity, and—because the bands themselves require a bit of control to handle—improve stabilization. You can also use certain bands typically, superbands to help unload certain bodyweight exercises, such as pull-ups and push-ups, so that you can train through the full range of motion while building enough strength to no longer need an assist.

    Finally, physical therapists often recommend that their rehab and prehab clients use bands most often, mini bands for adding light or targeted resistance to hip- or shoulder-strengthening exercises.

    How we picked These are just our picks. Bands also make it easy to add pulling exercises to a program, which strengthen back muscles that are typically neglected in bodyweight-only, at-home workouts. We looked at the three main types of resistance bands: Interchangeable tubes can stack together and clip to a handle or ankle strap and be anchored to create a safe tension point for pulling or pushing. The tubes themselves are hollow inside, and may have reinforcements outside or in to help protect the tube from getting overstretched.

    Superbands look like gigantic rubber bands. You can use them on their own or affix them to a bar or pole by looping one end around the bar and through the loop and pulling tight.

    Some companies sell handles and anchors separately, or as part of a set. Mini bands are flat loops about a foot in diameter and usually 2 inches across. We also assessed a few fabric-loop resistance bands, both sold in sets and as single bands, which are typically used for dynamic warm-ups, targeted lower-body workouts, and form cues during exercises like squats and deadlifts. Fabric bands can be a bit sturdier than their all-latex counterparts and are less apt to roll up or to tug on body hair.

    For this guide, we chose sets rather than bands sold individually: The experts and trainers we interviewed stressed the importance of using different resistances for different exercises as well as the ability to increase resistance as you get stronger. Some tubed sets come with an anchor, which consists of a looped strap, typically made of woven nylon, and a large, covered plastic bead on the opposite end—you thread the loop end between the doorframe and door on its hinge side, then close and lock, ideally the door, so the bead is securely pinned on the far side of the door.

    You can then thread a tube or tubes through the loop. The experts and trainers we interviewed stressed the importance of using different resistances for different exercises. To narrow the dozens of options per type, we considered customer reviews, cross-referenced with Fakespot. We also considered price, keeping in mind that most resistance bands will last for up to a year or so. We ended up with four sets of handled tube bands, three sets of superbands, and three sets of mini bands.

    How we tested The door-anchored chest press exercise gave us an idea of total tension created by all the bands together too much for me to press! Photo: Michael Hession To find the best bands for most workouts, I did several types of exercises with each set. During each exercise, I noted which band or combination of bands I used, if I experienced any issues with setup or during the movement itself, and how easy it was to transition between exercises. I also noted comfort of handles, stiffness of rubber, any odor, and overall user-friendliness.

    While testing the bands at the gym, I asked four other personal trainers for their professional opinions of the top contenders.

    Boy Bands are Back! Banding Goats 101

    Learning Outcomes Identify a karyotype and describe its uses in biology The isolation and microscopic observation of chromosomes forms the basis of cytogenetics and is the primary method by which clinicians detect chromosomal abnormalities in humans. A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes, and includes their length, banding pattern, and centromere position.

    Figure 1. This karyotype is of a female human. Notice that homologous chromosomes are the same size, and have the same centromere positions and banding patterns. A human male would have an XY chromosome pair instead of the XX pair shown.

    The X and Y chromosomes are not autosomes. However, chromosome 21 is actually shorter than chromosome This was discovered after the naming of Down syndrome as trisomy 21, reflecting how this disease results from possessing one extra chromosome 21 three total. Not wanting to change the name of this important disease, chromosome 21 retained its numbering, despite describing the shortest set of chromosomes. Each arm is further subdivided and denoted by a number. Using this naming system, locations on chromosomes can be described consistently in the scientific literature.

    One such powerful cytological technique is karyotyping, a method in which traits characterized by chromosomal abnormalities can be identified from a single cell. In the laboratory, the isolated cells are stimulated to begin actively dividing. A chemical called colchicine is then applied to cells to arrest condensed chromosomes in metaphase. Cells are then made to swell using a hypotonic solution so the chromosomes spread apart. Finally, the sample is preserved in a fixative and applied to a slide.

    The geneticist then stains chromosomes with one of several dyes to better visualize the distinct and reproducible banding patterns of each chromosome pair. Following staining, the chromosomes are viewed using bright-field microscopy. A common stain choice is the Giemsa stain. Giemsa staining results in approximately — bands of tightly coiled DNA and condensed proteins arranged along all of the 23 chromosome pairs; an experienced geneticist can identify each band.

    In addition to the banding patterns, chromosomes are further identified on the basis of size and centromere location. To obtain the classic depiction of the karyotype in which homologous pairs of chromosomes are aligned in numerical order from longest to shortest, the geneticist obtains a digital image, identifies each chromosome, and manually arranges the chromosomes into this pattern Figure 1.

    At its most basic, the karyogram may reveal genetic abnormalities in which an individual has too many or too few chromosomes per cell. Examples of this are Down Syndrome, which is identified by a third copy of chromosome 21, and Turner Syndrome, which is characterized by the presence of only one X chromosome in women instead of the normal two.

    Geneticists can also identify large deletions or insertions of DNA. For instance, Jacobsen Syndrome—which involves distinctive facial features as well as heart and bleeding defects—is identified by a deletion on chromosome Finally, the karyotype can pinpoint translocations, which occur when a segment of genetic material breaks from one chromosome and reattaches to another chromosome.

    Translocations are implicated in certain cancers, including chronic myelogenous leukemia. Try It.

    The Best Resistance Bands

    We also assessed a few fabric-loop resistance bands, both sold in sets and as single bands, which are typically used for dynamic warm-ups, targeted lower-body workouts, and form cues during exercises like squats and deadlifts. Fabric bands can be a bit sturdier than their all-latex counterparts and are less apt to roll up or to tug on body hair.

    For this guide, we chose sets rather than bands sold individually: The experts and trainers we interviewed stressed the importance of using different resistances for different exercises as well as the ability to increase resistance as you get stronger. Some tubed sets come with an anchor, which consists of a looped strap, typically made of woven nylon, and a large, covered plastic bead on the opposite end—you thread the loop end between the doorframe and door on its hinge side, then close and lock, ideally the door, so the bead is securely pinned on the far side of the door.

    You can then thread a tube or tubes through the loop. The experts and trainers we interviewed stressed the importance of using different resistances for different exercises.

    To narrow the dozens of options per type, we considered customer reviews, cross-referenced with Fakespot. We also considered price, keeping in mind that most resistance bands will last for up to a year or so. We ended up with four sets of handled tube bands, three sets of superbands, and three sets of mini bands.

    How we tested The door-anchored chest press exercise gave us an idea of total tension created by all the bands together too much for me to press!

    Brian Dijkema: Unlike animals, human workers shouldn’t be electronically banded

    But the question remains: What happens to a workplace — what happens to a worker — when she is subjected to monitoring by a central mainframe?

    Will she work harder? Will she work better? Will she be as malleable as head office thinks? But to phrase it this way suggests that such programs are neutral techniques, rather than morally laden frameworks. That worldview looks an awful like the one described by Yale professor James C. Scott in his book Seeing Like a State. The heart of this utopian vision, a temptation for both governments and corporations, Scott says, is an attempt to make the world universally legible.

    Karen Kopf While it is possible to castrate surgically, it is not our preferred method. We have witnessed surgical castration in five- to seven-month-old bucks that were no longer candidates for banding. Surgical castration involves sedation, which carries its own risks in ruminants, and leaves an open wound. There is also the possibility of significant blood loss. Burdizzo — or emasculation — is another option, where a tool similar to pliers is used to crush the spermatic cords.

    Bloodless, with few complications, this method takes longer to determine success and has a high rate of failure. When successful, the testicles will harden and shrink over a period of months, leaving an empty scrotum.

    In our practice, we find banding to be the safest, gentlest, least intrusive way to accomplish castration when done in a timely manner.

    While pain medications can be used, we have not found them necessary as in most cases, the kids quickly return to normal activity.

    Fun Facts About Banded Sea Kraits

    If you choose to administer something for pain inhibition, this should be done 30 minutes prior to the procedure.

    Some producers use aspirin or white willow bark tincture. Banamine, meloxicam and lidocaine can also be used by veterinary prescription, but possible side effects should be considered.

    One of the greatest risks of banding goats is tetanus since the band creates an anaerobic environment. Ideally, banding should follow the second, or booster dose, by no less than two weeks.

    If the kid has not received both vaccinations, a tetanus anti-toxin should be used. Be aware that anti-toxin does not provide immunity; it works immediately as a short-term response to exposure and is only effective for about two weeks. Coverage from one dose of anti-toxin may not last until the banding site is fully healed four to eight weeks. Proper care of the bands is critical to the success of banding. The Culpeppers say their best advice, outside of the timing of banding, is buying a new bag every year, as improperly stored bands can break or lose their elasticity.

    Since the procedure is bloodless, no disinfectant or sterilization is needed. Simply keep the bands clean until ready to use on a dry goat. Moisture may also attract dirt and flies, allow for the growth of bacteria, and increase the risk of infection. Ideally, banding goats is a two-person job.

    One restrains the goat, and the other performs the castration. The band should be placed over the prongs of the elastrator. Having grooves in the prongs helps keep the band in place. The most popular position of the elastrator is with the prongs facing the goat. Either direction is effective. Squeezing the elastrator with one hand opens the band so that it can pass over the testicles.


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