Both men and women are affected, but for some reason, it seems to affect women more often. The first signs of stage 1 HS is usually a single, or multiple lesions boil like lesions or abscesses. These are typically located in an area like the armpit, groin, thighs, buttocks, under the breasts. They can occur in more intimate areas like the genitals or around the anus. However, HS can occur almost anywhere on the body. HS hurley stage 1 usually causes small, firm lumps of bumps in the skin, which can become swollen and sore.
Often stage one HS lesions will burst open, and drain pus. Sometimes they will resolve but recur in the same location. This is a tell-tale sign. HS Misdiagnosis Stage 1 hidradenitis suppurativa is often misdiagnosed as a regular boil or a localised skin infection. Sometimes it is misdiagnosed as an ingrown hair or a regular skin abscess.
And so, it can be treated in the wrong way. It is really important to tell your doctor if you experience boil like lesions in any of the areas mentioned above.
If the lesions occur regularly, it could be stage 1 hidradenitis suppurativa. An early diagnosis could prevent the condition progressing further, with effective treatment. Although stage 1 hidradenitis suppurativa is the mildest form of the disease, it can be very painful.
The draining lesions can be problematic also. So, if you suspect you might have stage 1 HS, please see your doctor. Treatment for stage 1 hidradenitis suppurativa Early diagnosis is essential. Treatment will vary depending on how severe it is. You might experience some a pain, so the doctor may prescribe you some medicine to help with that.
Or you may need some antibiotics. Wound dressings and proper wound care should be used to prevent leakage. There are a lot of home treatments you can try for stage 1 HS. Bathing in warm water, with added salt, epsom salt or essential oils can help. Some people use warm compresses on their HS to help them drain and ease discomfort. Some people prefer to use ice packs, to reduce swelling and inflammation. Your doctor will recommend treatments, like topical creams or gels. Sometimes a steroid injection into the lesion will help with the swelling.
In some cases a small surgical procedure known as Incision and Drainage might be helpful. There are lots of different treatment options for stage 1 hidradenitits suppurativa. The best thing you can do is to see a doctor who specialises in HS.
Why Do I Have a Lump in My Groin?
HS usually occurs where skin touches skin. The condition involves the abnormal blockage of hair follicles in areas where certain sweat glands apocrine glands are located, leading to recurrent inflammation, nodules and abscesses.
The symptoms of HS and the location of lesions can vary from person to person. It is important to remember that HS is not an infection, so it cannot be passed on to other people, it is not caused by, or connected to poor hygiene. It is not a sexually transmitted disease. Many people living with HS do not always feel comfortable talking about their symptoms Some may see a doctor that is not familiar with HS and as a result, HS is thought to be under-recognised HS is sometimes misdiagnosed, often mistaken for an infection or boils The repeated nature of symptoms is a clue to the diagnosis.
Delay in diagnosis is not uncommon While not all cases of HS get worse over time, HS can continue to recur and sometimes become more severe if not properly managed. As a result, establishing a diagnosis and early intervention treatment is important. Share: HS booklet and information videos Our new What you need to know about HS booklet has been prepared by people with HS, dermatology nurses and consultant dermatologists to explain more about the condition, its causes, symptoms and self-care tips.
We also cover how HS is diagnosed, suggestions for talking to your doctor, treatment and support. View the full webinar video here. We developed the webinar video in to ten short, practical information videos which explore a range of different topics related to HS, including what it is, the causes, the impact on quality of life and mental health, as well as the benefits of smoking cessation and weight reduction on disease outcomes.
View all 10 videos here. Share: Causes The exact causes of HS remains unclear. Problems with the structure of the hair follicle may also play a role. If a hair follicle becomes blocked secretions cannot escape, which may cause the follicle to swell, burst, or form abscesses. Nodules and abscesses tend to develop when there is a blockage of hair follicles and inflammation of certain sweat glands found in areas like the armpits and groin.
HS may run in families; approximately one third of people with HS have a family history of the condition. Women are three times more likely to be affected than men. HS usually starts after puberty, and may get worse before menstrual periods. It is less active after the age of in females, and is usually in complete remission following the menopause.
It is thought that sex hormones may play a role. However, as yet, there is no direct evidence of such a link. Cigarette smoking and obesity appear to be risk factors for developing HS.
Research has shown that people with HS are far more likely to be smokers. Smoking is thought to worsen HS and stopping smoking may improve symptoms. Obesity is identified as a risk factor for the severity of the condition and weight loss may improve symptoms.
HS is not an infection, so it cannot be passed on to other people, it is not caused by, or connected to poor hygiene. Share: Symptoms Doctors usually grade the signs and symptoms of HS according to how severe they are, on a scale, which ranges from , called the Hurley staging system: Hurley stage 1 Mild cases Single or multiple abscesses.
Painful bumps, pustules and abscesses in the armpits, groin, under the breasts, the perianal area the area of the body surrounding the anus , buttocks or inner thigh These bumps generally start as firm, pea-sized nodules Hurley stage 2 Moderate cases Recurrent abscesses, sinus tract formation.
Recurring spots, pustules and abscesses in multiple areas with scarring and skin tunnelling Scarring can occur with HS as a result of long-term or repeat occurrences in a single location Hurley stage 3 Severe cases Widespread spots, pustules and abscesses with multiple interconnected sinus tracts Abscesses can be painful and develop into deep sinus tracts under the skin. Your symptoms may require a referral to a hospital-based dermatologist for investigation.
This is why HS is more commonly diagnosed by a skin specialist, based on the history, appearance and the distribution of nodules or abscesses. HS is not that widely known and some doctors may not be familiar with the condition. It is often diagnosed only after a considerable delay since the disease is often mistaken for a simple infection. For example, someone with HS symptoms may be have their condition confused with another condition like common boils which may be treated with lancing or short-term antibiotic therapy — which, while effective initially, will fail to prevent the symptoms from reoccurring.
Before seeing your GP, it may be useful to take note of your symptoms and perhaps have photographs of parts of your skin that are affected.
It may also be useful to bring some reliable information from trusted sources like the Irish Skin Foundation or British Association of Dermatologists etc. Remember that following the abolition of catchment areas by the HSE, your GP is now permitted to refer you to any hospital of your choice nationwide. For more information please call our Helpline on 01 However, a severe HS break-out may make it too difficult or even impossible to exercise.
Consider speaking to your doctor if you have any concerns about the kind of activities you do or want to try. Obesity Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for HS and weight loss may improve symptoms.
If you are overweight, losing some may help improve overall health and help avoid the added discomfort of tight clothing. In general, medical advice is to eat a balanced, nutritious diet in order to maintain health and vitality and, if appropriate, control weight. Stop smoking Cigarette smoking appears to be a risk factor for developing HS. The HSE provides tailored quit plans to help people quit smoking, see: www. Typically, loose-fitting cotton clothing is the most comfortable and is preferable to synthetic, wool or slim-fitting garments.
Tight fitting clothing may cause chaffing where the skin becomes irritated by continuous friction caused by skin rubbing against skin or clothing and can contribute to discomfort. Consider garments with smooth seams to avoid friction.
A wearable wound-management garment, specifically designed for people living with HS has been developed in Ireland by HidraWear. The garment has been developed to keep under-arm dressings securely in place throughout the day.
Special undergarments also are available on the Austrian market a product called DermaSilk and can be ordered online through an Italian website Alpretec, who use worldwide distribution partners Austria — Menzl. Support group Being in touch with other people who understand what it is like to live with HS can be really helpful.
If you would like to get in touch with the private Facebook HS Support Group, where you can talk to other people with HS, contact Barry at hsireland outlook. Website HS Ireland is a patient-focused organisation formed to support those and their friends and family!
Treatment - Home Remedies
Two of its active ingredients — menthol and camphor — are mild analgesics pain relievers and are used in anti-itch lotions. VapoRub also helps abscesses to rupture and drain, which provides more pain relief. Two of the inactive ingredients — nutmeg oil and thymol — may also be helpful for people with HS. Nutmeg oil has antimicrobial action and may reduce swelling and inflammation.
Thymol has antifungal properties and may help reduce itching. Because of the different causes and risk factors for anal abscess, your doctor may check for: sexually transmitted infections diverticular disease colorectal cancer. How is an anal abscess treated? Surgical drainage The best treatment of an anal abscess is usually prompt surgical drainage. Ideally, drainage is performed before the abscess has burst. This reduces the likelihood of a fistula forming.
To treat a superficial abscess, your anal abscess specialist will cut a small hole in the abscess to drain out the pus. Since eyes are delicate organs, it is better to consult an Ophthalmologist instead of treating them at home.
Causes of Boils Boils commonly occur in areas that come in frequent contact with the clothes. The constant rubbing often irritates the skin and can cause minor cuts or bruises. Germs or bacteria entering through these cuts are the primary reason why boils occur.
Skin Conditions: A – I
The leading causes of boils are The bacteria staphylococci that are present on the skin enter the skin via minor cuts or burns and causes boils Having close contact with people who have boils and sharing the products used by them Weak immune system due to conditions such as HIV or chronic disease like diabetes Existing skin disease such as eczema, psoriasis, or oily skin prone to acne outbreaks Allergy to medications or medications that can weaken the immune system Ingrown hair that cannot come out Splinters or small foreign particles logged in the skin Poor nutrition and personal hygiene Symptoms of Boils The first symptoms of boils are the appearance of reddish spots on the surface of the skin.
After a few days, the spots not only turn painful, but pus starts accumulating beneath the skin. The symptoms of severe infection are: The skin around the boils turns red, painful, warm, and swollen. Increase in the size of the boil Several boils may form around the original boil forming a cluster and severe infection. Developing a fever or chills after a few days of the occurrence of the boil Swelling of the Lymph nodes Though boils appear similar to acne, they are much more severe and painful.
The treatment also varies for both skin conditions. Also Read Leukoderma Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Treatment for Curing a Boil Often when they appear, the main question will be how to get rid of a boil since they look ugly and are painful.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa Stage 1
Sometimes the boils need not be treated; they disappear on their own. Only when it grows painful and does not go away after a week of appearing will it have to be treated by medical practitioners. We have a few home remedies to treat boils when they are at the initial stages. They are home remedies for boils Keep warm towels against the boils for 10 mins at least four times a day.
Put indirect pressure on the boil and take care not to burst them since it increases the risks of expanding the contamination to the nearby skin surfaces.