Does Keratosis Pilaris Itch? (Hint: Yes, it Does)
Swollen lymph nodes on the neck Enlarged tonsils with a white coating and painful swallowing The itchy rash usually appears first on the neck and face but not the area around the mouth.
It then spreads all over the body and looks like a pink sunburn, with small bumps that look like goosebumps or sandpaper. The rash is most noticeable in the folds of the skin the armpits, the groin, inside the elbow, around the neck and becomes paler when you press on it. After a few days, the rash disappears and the skin can flake off, especially in the groin area and on the fingertips, which can last up to 10 days.
How to Prevent Scarlet Fever It is not easy to prevent your child from becoming infected by streptococci bacteria. Always wash your hands well every time you are near an infected child, and if other members of the family show signs of a sore throat, they should ask the doctor for a strep test.
It usually takes four to five days to recover from scarlet fever, so make sure your child is fully recovered before he goes back to day care or school. Treatment for Scarlet Fever Scarlet fever cannot be treated at home and needs a doctor's immediate attention.
The doctor will administer a strep test and prescribe antibiotics, usually some form of penicillin, unless your child is allergic to it. It is important to that the child take the medicine as directed and to complete the entire course.
Contact the doctor again if your child continues to have a sore throat or fever after the antibiotic treatment is finished. In some cases, it may be necessary to repeat the strep test. The rash needs no treatment.
You can follow these general guidelines to help your child recover, but make sure to consult your doctor first to make sure they are recommended: Give the child plenty to drink to soothe the throat and increase hydration. Give soft, bland foods, as solids may be difficult to swallow. Cold treats such as Popsicles and ice cream may be comforting. Allow older children to gargle warm saltwater to relieve throat pain. Turn on a humidifier, or vaporizer, to make a room more comfortable, especially in cold weather when it can get dry.
Give acetaminophen Children's Tylenol or ibuprofen Children's Advil to relive fever and pain. Infected tonsils can develop into a more serious infection called a peritonsillar abscess, which often requires drainage with surgery. The strep bacteria can also spread into the bloodstream, causing blood poisoning sepsis and organ infection.
A sick child should be isolated from the rest of the family as much as possible, to avoid the spread of the infection, so keep your child home from day care or school for at least one day after starting the antibiotics. After 24 hours on antibiotics, your child is no longer considered to be contagious.
All content on this Web site, including medical opinion and any other health-related information, is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Use of this site and the information contained herein does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.
KERATOSIS PILARIS TREATMENT
Why is eczema harder to diagnose on Black skin or brown skin? Perhaps more than any other medical specialty, doctors need to look at the skin to make an accurate diagnosis. Like most areas of medicine, non-white skin types are underrepresented in the literature. Medical textbooks and journals might be chock-full of pictures, but often the majority show white people.
Doctors in training may have limited resources to help them learn to identify skin conditions in non-white people — though that has begun to change in recent years. Imagine a doctor in a rural part of the country with limited diversity. An African American arrives at the office with itchy skin. The doctor may have limited experience treating Black patients, so they reference a textbook only to find out that what they are seeing is not found in a textbook.
They may then do an online search, only to find similar limitations. This could lead to a misdiagnosis or a delay in diagnosis and treatment. The Eczema in Skin of Color website offers doctors and patients information and an image gallery to identify symptoms on different skin colors.
This resource is designed to help people of color get an accurate and quicker diagnosis of eczema. Angela is a year-old African American woman. She has a history of allergies but is otherwise healthy. Several months ago, she started having patches of itchy skin. At first, Angela thought it might be a new laundry soap she used, so she switched back to her old one, but the itching got worse.
She tried several over-the-counter lotions, which provided limited relief. The doctor thought it might be a new allergy and suggested Angela start taking over-the-counter allergy medication.
Several months go by and Angela is miserable. The allergy medicine did nothing to help her symptoms. She developed several patches of thick, itchy skin. The constant itching is causing her to lose sleep. Angela finally decided to make an appointment with a dermatologist who had experience treating African American patients.
He diagnosed her with eczema and started treatment. After nearly a year of symptoms, Angela finally had a diagnosis and was hopeful the treatment would provide relief. See an allergist or dermatologist if your skin is not improving There is something you can do if you have a persistent rash, dry or itchy skin, or think you have hives. Go to a board-certified allergist or dermatologist to get a thorough evaluation — or to get a second opinion if necessary.
It is not uncommon for eczema to be misdiagnosed. There is no need for you to suffer with pain, itching, lack of sleep, or even anxiety and depression as well as other quality of life issues. You deserve to get relief and feel better.
While eczema is a chronic skin condition, it is treatable. The correct diagnosis of eczema is an important first step. If you think you may have eczema or a similar skin condition, make an appointment with an allergist or dermatologist.
He provides the latest technology available in the field of dermatology but with a personalized touch for each patient. He is highly respected by his colleagues throughout the country for his expertise and sincerity. Richard E. Anne Vournakis It is rare to find a dermatologist who is as knowledgeable about the many facets of clinical and cosmetic dermatology as Dr.
Because of his knowledge and honesty, doctors worldwide know they can depend on his assessment of new therapies, procedures and medical devices.
This, in turn, has made him a much sought—after speaker for the plethora of professional medical society meetings and engagements that we have throughout the year. I am honored to know Dr. Zelickson and consider him a friend to the profession. Brian Zelickson was one of our initial Thermage investigators and helped us understand the mechanisms of non—invasive skin tightening.
He is a renowned expert on how collagen can affect skin tightening and wrinkle reduction. Stephen J. Not only is he unparalleled as a laser surgeon, it is not an exaggeration to state that his superb research helps determine the future of dermatologic laser surgery.
When Candela looks for both medical and scientific advice for new laser applications, we often turn to him for his counsel. The input he provides us always starts with patient safety and satisfaction. We feel fortunate to be able to tap into Brian as an independent resource.
Jerry PuorroPresident, Candela Laser Corporation Most patients prefer seeing a doctor who is known for a particular specialty or procedure, but all patients want to see the doctor who invented the procedure or therapy. Brian Zelickson is one of the most respected physicians in the field of cosmetic dermatology and aesthetic medicine. He has lectured around the world and is one of the most sought—after speakers for all major meetings in dermatology.
I would rate Dr. Zelickson's clinic 10 stars! Rose Sinay We have felt honored to have Dr. Episodes that last for less than six weeks. Acute urticaria usually persists for a few days and is often caused by an allergic reaction to food or a drug.
Other potential causes include infections, insect limitations of colorimetry, internal disease, pressure on the skin, cold or sunlight. Chronic hives chronic urticaria. Episodes that occur at least twice a week and persist for more than six weeks. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, about 50 percent of patients have symptoms for more than six months and 20 percent exhibit symptoms for over a decade.
The cause of chronic hives is often much more difficult to diagnose than that of acute hives and therefore is often not identified. Chronic hives are twice as common in women as in men. Allergic urticaria may occur when an allergen is inhaled, ingested or comes into direct contact with a person's skin. But not all hives are the result of an allergic reaction. They can also be caused by: Constant pressure on the skin, such as with a belt or shoulder strap Environmental factors, such as extremes in temperatures Irritating chemicals or cosmetics applied to the skin, even if the person is not allergic to these substances Infection Although hives generally cause only discomfort and itching, in rare cases serious swelling occurs in the mouth or throat.
Swelling may be severe enough to restrict the person's ability to breathe and lead to a loss of consciousness. Hives that impair breathing or swallowing require emergency medical attention. Hives often occur simultaneously with a related but more serious skin disorder called angioedema. Angioedema produces a deeper swelling in the skin, usually around the face, tongue, extremities or genitals. It can lead to death if untreated.
Scarlet Fever Symptoms and Treatment
Types and differences of hives Hives urticaria may be caused by allergic or nonallergic reactions. Allergic urticaria occurs when the body misinterprets a substance allergen as being a threat and then attacks that threat allergic reaction. It is the less common form of hives, and it is seen more often in children than adults.
When a definitive allergic basis cannot be found or proven, hives are classified as nonallergic. Exposure to extreme temperatures, repeated stroking of the skin, psychological stress, reaction to diseases and frequent bacterial and viral infections are examples of nonallergic urticaria. Women in the last trimester of pregnancy may experience hives, which usually resolve after delivery.
Examples include: Acute urticaria. Episodes of hives that last for less than six weeks.
Healthy SKINvestigation: Uncovering Eczema on Melanated Skin
Most episodes of allergic hives are acute and persist for a few days after exposure to the allergen. Aquagenic urticaria. Hives caused by contact with water. Cholinergic urticaria. Hives caused by exercise, passive body warming shower or bath or emotional stress. The wheals individual hives usually occur around the lips or larynx, although they can appear anywhere on the skin. These hives are generally the smallest type seen, appearing on the skin like goosebumps.
This allergic reaction can also lead to lung symptoms, such as shortness of breath. Chronic idiopathic urticaria. Episodes of hives that persist for more than six weeks chronic for which the cause is unknown idiopathic.
Seen most often in middle-aged women, but can affect all ages, genders and races. Chronic, idiopathic urticaria can persist for years and has been traditionally believed to be nonallergic. However, recent research indicates that some patients develop an allergy to components in their own skin, continuously triggering hives. Researchers hope their findings will lead to better understanding of the causes of chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Cold urticaria. Hives caused by cold temperatures. Contact urticaria.