Pono we dey party we legal them


  • The SupChina Book List
  • Receive news updates on the go.
  • Is It Murder To Kill Someone In Self Defense?
  • Nigerian government condemns calls for herdsmen to leave South-East region
  • The Effects of Pornography on Unethical Behavior in Business
  • The SupChina Book List

    Place: Room No. X son of Mr. Sir, someone has used my identity to engage in the following types of fraudulent manner: Credit Cards The following is a description of the identity theft incident: Two charges were made to my Axis Bank credit card within the last two weeks that i never authorized. The thief charged, in total, INR 6, to my credit card account.

    I become aware of this theft when i received and read my monthly statement on June 30th, I have also experienced the following problems as a result of the identity theft: I have lost 5 hours of my time due to the identity theft and faced mental trauma. I would request you to promptly investigate into the aforesaid offences, against the thief and take strict action against him in law. Copies of required documents has been attached with the complaint for your perusal and action.

    Thanking you in advance for your efforts. Regards, Mobile No. If cyber cell refuses to file or accept your cyber complaint one can directly approach the nearest judicial magistrate stating the fact that the complaint has not been accepted under any circumstances.

    Jurisdiction Information technology Act, has been dealing with the computer and internet related crimes and according to this act cyber crimes are committed all over the country. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell has the jurisdiction all over the country as per section 1 and section 75 of the Information Technology Act, which deals in guiding principles concerning cyber jurisdiction and has the power to investigate all such crimes with the jurisdiction Police officer not below the rank of deputy superintendent of police can investigate any offense under this Act.

    The central government shall appoint an officer, not below the rank of a Director to the Government of India or an equivalent officer of a state government to adjudicate and inquire the matter. Those who do not have cyber cell in their districts can file an online complaint on the cyber cell of India. It direct at creating a nationwide networking infrastructure for an IT-enabled criminal tracking and crime detection system.

    The project is approved by the cabinet committee on economic affairs in , with an allocation of INR 2 billion. The advantage of this portal is that it will allow citizens to file complaints online with respect to cybercrimes including online financial fraud, cyber stalking and many more. Another feature of this portal is that any complaint on the portal will trigger an alert at the relevant police station and allow the police department to track and update its status.

    It also allows the complainant to view updates and escalate the complaint to higher officials. To know more you can visit here. Cyber Police Stations Cyber police stations generally include appropriate equipment to analyze and track digital crimes as well trained personnel. Predictive Policing It refers to the usage of the mathematical, predictive analysis, data mining and other analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity.

    In India, Jharkhand police, Delhi police and Hyderabad city police working on the predictive policing in order to scan online records to study crime trends and in order to prevent crime. A person makes unauthorised use of or access to the computing device of the other person when he does that without taking the permission of the actual owner of the device.

    Hacking, on the other hand, is an act of breaking into the network or computer of the other person. It also involves stealing the credit or debit card information or other bank details for making personal monetary gains. Petterburg managed to get access and stole millions of dollars in from citibank network. Trojan attack Trojan or a trojan horse is normally disguised as a legitimate software which is employed by the person committing cyber theft or by hackers as well to gain access to and extract information of the systems of other users.

    It enables the cyber criminal to have access to the sensitive information of the legitimate user, spy on them and have a backdoor access on their systems. It also includes deleting, modifying, blocking and copying data along with disrupting the performance of various computer systems.

    Trojans can attack a legitimate owner in various ways based on the action performs, thus, it is classified as follows- Backdoor — it acts like a remote control and authorises the hacker to have a control in the infected network or computer. It can involve sending or deleting files and also rebooting the computer.

    Trojan downloader- it helps in installing and downloading a new version of malicious software in a particular computer.

    Trojan spy- it helps in tracking data or getting a list of applications etc. Example of Trojan A trojan named as Zbot has infected more than 37, computers in the United Kingdom through a drive by download. Users visiting a compromised site would unknowingly receive the virus as a cookie and then it steals all the data of the users. Virus and worm attack Virus is the programme which has the capability of infecting the other programmes.

    It also has the capability to make copies of itself and spread it into other programmes. Worms are programmes which help in multiplying like viruses and spread it from device to device.

    Example of Virus and worm attack A virus named Melissa is considered to be the most damaging virus ever released. It was the fastest spreading email-based worm ever. Melissa lured people by claiming in an email that it contains the list of passwords for pornographic sites and when the message opened it created havoc on the computer systems. Identity theft Identity theft is one of the most common and prominent forms of cyber crime in which a person committing the crime steals the information of the other person by the use of the internet.

    There is a broad scope of criminal activities under the purview of cyber crime. Internet acts as a great source of making things accessible easily without moving from one place. Thus, as the message appears to be from one source which is actually not an original source. With the help of a working Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, an email spoofing can easily be achieved. The recipient can inspect the email source code to check whether the email is spoofed or not.

    Also, the recipient can track the IP address of the email and trace it back to the original sender. Email spamming Spamming is a deliberate act of sending email to a large number of people in the similar to a chain letter and to use network resources.

    It can be combined with email spoofing. Email booming In this identical email messages are sent to a particular IP address by the abusers on repeatedly. Phishing It is a type of cyber crime in which the hacker sends the URLs and email attachments which are malicious in nature to the users. The purpose of the hacker in phishing is to gain access to systems of legitimate users. The users get trapped into the trick played by the hackers who send the emails claiming the user the need to change their password or update their account information which easily gives access to the criminals of their system.

    The purpose is to extract personal information like passwords, credit and debit card numbers etc. Criminals have an objective of gaining access to the login credentials of the real owner of the system, network or device etc. By being cautious of these kinds of suspected email attachments the user can protect itself from the phishing attack and at the same time protect its personal information.

    The guidelines to avoid phishing scams by HDFC Bank are followed as- Identify signs of fraud To know about phishing websites and email, you need to look carefully on the subject matter which is delivered by the websites or email as in phishing websites and email will often be riddled with grammatical errors and fake branding.

    Inspect a website before interacting with it as look at the URL or website address closely. Click cautiously Another way to identify phishing websites or email is most phishing sites spread their reach on the internet by posting flashy and lucrative links on websites with high user traffic. It is advisable to inspect links before interacting with them because clicking on them can seriously compromise your security. Exercise caution The best way to avoid phishing is to become more and more cautious by using only trusted and genuine software and services when banking online.

    Access websites only through official links and sources, and follow proper security procedures. Also, check if the website is secure by inspecting its URL for the SSL certificate and also it is advisable to have two devices — one for work and one for personal use- so that the security of the work device is never compromised.

    How to recover from a phishing attack? The guidelines to recover from a phishing attack by HDFC Bank are followed as- Change all your passwords The first step you should take to keep the damage minimum from phishing is to change your login credentials and passwords.

    Since the scammer could have access to all your accounts so it is advisable to change your credentials and passwords as soon as possible and to keep them out of the system and prevent further damage.

    Contact the officials The next important step would be to call your bank and explain the situation to them. As by informing them they will then freeze your account so that no further transaction can be conducted.

    After informing your bank officials it is also advisable to inform the cybercrime division as most states have a cybercrime division. Scan your system The third important step to recover from a phishing attack is to scan your system to ensure the attacker did not install any malware or backdoor software on the device for future attacks. Delete emails from unknown sources It is also advisable to the customers to go through your inbox once a week and delete marketing mailers and emails from unknown sources.

    Above all, remember to exercise caution in all your online transactions. To know more you can visit the HDFC website here. The purpose of this is to tarnish the reputation or lower down the image of the innocent person. It disrupts the online communication. Cyberbullying when an unknown attacker uses the electronic form of media or internet to post photos, videos, texts, messages of such type which can be embarrassing in nature.

    It is a form of harassment which involves the use of some harsh terms to affect the victim fully. The intention is to insult the victim publicly. Posting humiliating rumours, nasty comments, posting hate comments to trigger the political, religious and ethical beliefs or point of views of the people are some of the types of cyberbullying.

    So it is essential to keep a check on them and it is the duty of the parents to keep a check on the activities of their children. Because the teenagers have less maturity and understanding to make a difference between what is right and what is wrong that is the reason why they are more vulnerable to cyberbullying and that is why it is crucial for parents to have a constant check on the activities of their children while they use the internet.

    There are various warning signs to be looked upon to check whether the person at your place is bullied or might be bullying someone. These signs are as follows- Time fluctuation in the use of phone or laptop by an adult or child, The tendency to avoid healthy discussions online, Hiding of profile from others, Indifferent behaviour towards social activities. Signs of becoming stressed or depressed etc. After observing all the warning signals if there is a situation of the person facing cyber bullying then it is essential to report the case to the cyber crime cell as soon as possible.

    The steps to prevent cyberbullying are followed by as-. Step 1: Educate yourself If you want to prevent cyber bullying then it is very important for you and for your children to understand what exactly it is. Step 2: Protect your password To prevent cyber bullying it is also very important for the netizen that you must safeguard your password and all private information from curious peers. Never ever give bullies the opportunity to post anything embarrassing about yourself. Step 3: Raise awareness It is the responsibility of all parents and individuals to bring awareness to cyber bullying whether it be through a movement, a club an event or campaign.

    Step 4: Setup privacy controls Change your privacy controls and restrict who can see your profiles to only trusted friends. It is best to not engage and ignore them. Step 6: Always log out of your accounts on public computers Staying logged in public computers you run the risk of the bully changing your password and locking you out for a period of time. It is your responsibility to treat others as you want to be treated.

    Ransomware It is a form of malware or malicious software which after taking control of the computer restricts the person to access his own system.

    Such defensive steps shall be necessarily taken into consideration.

    Receive news updates on the go.

    Rather, it has permeated modern culture, including the work environment. Given the pervasive nature of pornography, we study how viewing pornography affects unethical behavior at work. Using survey data from a sample that approximates a nationally representative sample in terms of demographics, we find a positive correlation between viewing pornography and intended unethical behavior.

    We then conduct an experiment to provide causal evidence. The experiment confirms the survey—consuming pornography causes individuals to be less ethical. We find that this relationship is mediated by increased moral disengagement from dehumanization of others due to viewing pornography.

    Combined, our results suggest that choosing to consume pornography causes individuals to behave less ethically. Because unethical employee behavior has been linked to numerous negative organization outcomes including fraud, collusion, and other self-serving behaviors, our results have implications for most societal organizations. Introduction Pornography is not a new activity, but its use has increased significantly over the last 20 years e.

    As a result, an activity that was once primarily restricted to adolescent boys and a small proportion of adults has become more commonplace even in business settings. It is estimated that 40 million Americans regularly visit pornographic websites Ropelato In addition to the statistics, there are numerous anecdotal examples of pornography consumption at work.

    Footnote 1 For example: During the past 5 years, the SEC OIG Office of Inspector General substantiated that 33 SEC employees and or contractors violated Commission rules and policies, as well as the government-wide Standards of Ethical Conduct, by viewing pornographic, sexually explicit or sexually suggestive images using government computer resources and official time CNN For 2 years, a high-level executive at a New England finance company arrived at work each morning, said hello to his secretary, and then shut the door of his roomy, windowed office behind him.

    For the next 6 h, and sometimes eight, he proceeded to cruise the Internet for the raunchiest porn sites he could find Conlin Using the Freedom of Information Act, the News 4 I-Team obtained investigative records from a dozen federal agencies to gather a sampling of recent cases of computer misuse by employees.

    The sampling revealed at least 50 cases of large-scale or criminal pornography viewing at those 12 agencies since , including several in which employees acknowledged spending large chunks of work days surfing for pornography NBC Earlier this year an employee at the U.

    Environmental Protection Agency got caught, almost literally, with his pants down. The agent walked in on the guy—you guessed it—watching porn. These statistics and anecdotal stories highlight that pornography consumption at work is a significant issue. While managers should be alarmed because of the time and resources wasted due to pornography consumption at work with some estimating the loss to U.

    Consequently, we investigate the causal relation between viewing pornography and unethical behavior. We develop a model of how pornography increases unethical behavior based on prior research. Prior research suggests two likely paths for pornography consumption to increase unethical behavior. First, research has found that viewing pornography increases delay discounting Lawyer ; Negash et al.

    Individuals with greater tendencies to heavily discount future outcomes are willing to give up a larger future benefit for a smaller immediate benefit. Greater delay discounting has been linked to reduced self-control and increased impulsive, short-sighted behavior Fawcett et al. As such, increases in delay discounting from pornography consumption are expected to increase unethical behavior. Second, prior research finds that moral disengagement increases unethical behavior e. That is, if pornography consumption increases moral disengagement, then dehumanization is the likely mechanism.

    In summary, we expect viewing pornography to be positively associated with unethical behavior and for this effect to manifest from increases in delay discounting, dehumanization, or both.

    To examine the relation between pornography consumption and unethical behavior, we use two complementary methodologies, a survey and an experiment, that have different validity strengths and weaknesses.

    The survey allows us to test whether effects are present outside of a laboratory-setting. The experiment provides causal evidence and evidence on the underlying mechanisms i. Together, consistent results across methodologies provide strong evidence that the effects are both causal and generalizable. First, we conduct a survey using a sample reflective of the U. In this sample of U.

    We find a significant, monotonically increasing relation between pornography consumption and willingness to behave unethically i. This relation is robust to controlling for various demographic characteristics of respondents. Second, to provide evidence that our results are causal and not just associative in nature and to examine the role of delay discounting and dehumanization as possible mediating variables, we conduct an experiment.

    For our experiment, we employed participants to complete a task and measured if pornography consumption influenced their willingness to shirk work and lie about work performed—two common unethical workplace behaviors Rodriguez To protect participants and yet collect the data necessary to test our hypotheses, we do not expose participants directly to pornography, but rather we asked participants in one experimental condition to recall and describe in detail their last viewing of pornography.

    This activated pornographic imagery in the minds of those who choose to view pornography and allowed those who do not choose to view it to avoid unwanted exposure. We then instructed participants that their job was to watch all of a min video. The video was boring, thus providing participants with an incentive to skip the video.

    We later asked participants if they watched the entire video and measured who was lying by recording whether they actually watched the video or not. Thus, viewing pornography increased lying by 2. Furthermore, we test the two possible mediators for the effect of pornography on unethical behavior—delay discounting and dehumanization. The results of our mediation analysis show only dehumanization as a statistically significant mediator. This paper contributes to the literature in several ways.

    This is the first study, of which we are aware, that shows the deleterious effects of pornography on unethical behavior. In addition, we can identify at least one mechanism by which pornography causes unethical behavior—by increasing dehumanization of others. Prior research argues that pornography consumption will increase dehumanization, but we are unaware of any causal evidence to this point.

    Thus, our experimental results support the commonly touted, but untested link between pornography and dehumanization. These results are also important for several aspects of organizational performance. First, Moore et al. Similarly, Welsh et al. Footnote 5 Thus, increases in employee pornography consumption are likely to increase firm-level fraud risk and the risk of other self-serving behaviors that hinder achievement of organizational goals.

    Second, because pornography consumption causes dehumanization of others, the incidence of sexual harassment or hostile work environments is likely to increase with increases in employee pornography consumption. This is detrimental to organizations because harassment imposes both direct costs on the company e. A report issued by the U. Finally, our results are important because they are suggestive of other potential costs of pornography in addition to unethical behavior.

    For example, dehumanization causes delegitimization Bar-Tal , which may be seen when an individual or group is delegitimized to prevent them from getting a promotion; aggression Greitemeyer and McLatchie ; Rudman and Mescher , which may be exhibited by verbal abuse of an employee by a manager; and unwillingness to help others Andrighetto et al. Given the negative effects of pornography we find in this study and that others have found Malamuth and Ceniti ; Willoughby et al.

    Literature Review Pornography is a broad term that encompasses many different facets. Because of its broad nature, we follow Negash et al. Footnote 6 Over the last 25 years, the internet has increased access, affordability, and anonymity of pornography Cooper et al. Not surprisingly, the consumption of pornographic materials has increased and is increasing successively with each new birth generation Price et al.

    Numerous commentaries report widespread use of pornography. For example, some note that nearly 30, users watch pornography every second on the internet CNBC ; Ropelato and that porn sites receive more visitors than Netflix, Amazon, and Twitter combined Huffington Post ; Negash et al. Although it is difficult to estimate with precision trends in pornography consumption, one can confidently conclude that pornography consumption is common, and its use has increased in recent years e.

    Pornography consumption does not appear to be isolated to a small subset of society. Carroll et al. The high consumption of pornography and the rate of increase in its use have spurred significant academic interest, with many studies finding deleterious effects from viewing pornography. Footnote 7 While prior research documents individual and relationship consequences of pornography consumption, the literature provides considerably less evidence on how pornography consumption influences organizations and society more broadly, including how it influences businesses.

    We are unaware of any research that directly tests how pornography consumption influences unethical behavior. Rest defines unethical behavior as any organizational member action that violates widely accepted societal moral norms. This definition of unethical behavior has been used and found descriptive in a variety of contexts Kaptein ; Kish-Gephart et al.

    These are relevant unethical workplace behaviors; a recent survey on unethical workplace behavior reports that the five most common infractions include 1 misuse of company time, 2 abusive behavior, 3 employee theft, 4 lying, and 5 violating the company internet policy Rodriguez We looked to prior research to identify mechanisms that were 1 likely to intensify when consuming pornography, and 2 likely to increase unethical behavior. Prior research suggests at least two, non-mutually exclusive mechanisms for pornography consumption to influence unethical behavior: it may 1 encourage delay discounting and 2 intensify dehumanization of others and therefore increase moral disengagement.

    Footnote 8 Prior research posits that these mechanisms activate or intensify when viewing pornography, although, as discussed in the following sections, the evidence on the actual effect of pornography on each mechanism is nuanced. Delay discounting and dehumanization have also been linked to changes in unethical behavior. Thus, we examine the relation between pornography consumption and unethical behavior and explore whether delay discounting and dehumanization mediate the relation.

    In the following sections, we discuss each of these mechanisms and then present our formal hypotheses. Delay Discounting Delay discounting is discounting future outcomes or preferring an outcome today over a more valuable future outcome Lawyer ; Negash et al. Individuals who are willing to accept more valuable future rewards than less valuable immediate rewards have lower discount rates i. Higher levels of delay discounting are associated with behaviors such as addictions, impulsive decision making, substance abuse, risky sexual behavior, obesity, internet addiction, criminal behavior and excessive gambling Buzzell et al.

    That is, delay discounting is a strong predictor of short-sighted behavior including unethical behavior. Lee et al. Research has also linked pornography consumption to increases in delay discounting using both laboratory experiments and data collected from the field Lawyer ; Negash et al. Taken together, the research suggests that pornography consumption is associated with greater delay discounting and greater delay discounting is associated with unethical behavior.

    This suggests that pornography consumption will cause increases in unethical behavior because of increases in delay discounting. Managers often must weigh the long-term benefits associated with complying with costly environmental regulations against the short-term payoff to non-compliance. Similarly, managers may gain short-term rewards from insider trading that impose long-term cost on the manager and even the firm.

    As such, increases in delay discounting from employee consumption of pornography could negatively influence numerous organizational decisions. Likewise, higher discount rates and impulsivity may lead to unethical customer behavior such as shoplifting.

    Dehumanization Moral self-regulation is one mechanism that individuals use to ensure that their behavior corresponds to ethical standards Bandura

    Is It Murder To Kill Someone In Self Defense?

    It enables the cyber criminal to have access to the sensitive information of the legitimate user, spy on them and have a backdoor access on their systems. It also includes deleting, modifying, blocking and copying data along with disrupting the performance of various computer systems. Trojans can attack a legitimate owner in various ways based on the action performs, thus, it is classified as follows- Backdoor — it acts like a remote control and authorises the hacker to have a control in the infected network or computer.

    It can involve sending or deleting files and also rebooting the computer. Trojan downloader- it helps in installing and downloading a new version of malicious software in a particular computer. Trojan spy- it helps in tracking data or getting a list of applications etc. Example of Trojan A trojan named as Zbot has infected more than 37, computers in the United Kingdom through a drive by download. Users visiting a compromised site would unknowingly receive the virus as a cookie and then it steals all the data of the users.

    Virus and worm attack Virus is the programme which has the capability of infecting the other programmes. It also has the capability to make copies of itself and spread it into other programmes. Worms are programmes which help in multiplying like viruses and spread it from device to device. Example of Virus and worm attack A virus named Melissa is considered to be the most damaging virus ever released.

    It was the fastest spreading email-based worm ever. Melissa lured people by claiming in an email that it contains the list of passwords for pornographic sites and when the message opened it created havoc on the computer systems. Identity theft Identity theft is one of the most common and prominent forms of cyber crime in which a person committing the crime steals the information of the other person by the use of the internet.

    There is a broad scope of criminal activities under the purview of cyber crime. Internet acts as a great source of making things accessible easily without moving from one place.

    Thus, as the message appears to be from one source which is actually not an original source. With the help of a working Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, an email spoofing can easily be achieved. The recipient can inspect the email source code to check whether the email is spoofed or not. Also, the recipient can track the IP address of the email and trace it back to the original sender. Email spamming Spamming is a deliberate act of sending email to a large number of people in the similar to a chain letter and to use network resources.

    It can be combined with email spoofing. Email booming In this identical email messages are sent to a particular IP address by the abusers on repeatedly.

    Phishing It is a type of cyber crime in which the hacker sends the URLs and email attachments which are malicious in nature to the users.

    The purpose of the hacker in phishing is to gain access to systems of legitimate users. The users get trapped into the trick played by the hackers who send the emails claiming the user the need to change their password or update their account information which easily gives access to the criminals of their system.

    The purpose is to extract personal information like passwords, credit and debit card numbers etc. Criminals have an objective of gaining access to the login credentials of the real owner of the system, network or device etc. By being cautious of these kinds of suspected email attachments the user can protect itself from the phishing attack and at the same time protect its personal information.

    The guidelines to avoid phishing scams by HDFC Bank are followed as- Identify signs of fraud To know about phishing websites and email, you need to look carefully on the subject matter which is delivered by the websites or email as in phishing websites and email will often be riddled with grammatical errors and fake branding.

    Inspect a website before interacting with it as look at the URL or website address closely. Click cautiously Another way to identify phishing websites or email is most phishing sites spread their reach on the internet by posting flashy and lucrative links on websites with high user traffic.

    It is advisable to inspect links before interacting with them because clicking on them can seriously compromise your security.

    Exercise caution The best way to avoid phishing is to become more and more cautious by using only trusted and genuine software and services when banking online. Access websites only through official links and sources, and follow proper security procedures.

    Nigerian government condemns calls for herdsmen to leave South-East region

    Also, check if the website is secure by inspecting its URL for the SSL certificate and also it is advisable to have two devices — one for work and one for personal use- so that the security of the work device is never compromised.

    How to recover from a phishing attack? The guidelines to recover from a phishing attack by HDFC Bank are followed as- Change all your passwords The first step you should take to keep the damage minimum from phishing is to change your login credentials and passwords.

    Since the scammer could have access to all your accounts so it is advisable to change your credentials and passwords as soon as possible and to keep them out of the system and prevent further damage.

    Contact the officials The next important step would be to call your bank and explain the situation to them. As by informing them they will then freeze your account so that no further transaction can be conducted. After informing your bank officials it is also advisable to inform the cybercrime division as most states have a cybercrime division.

    Scan your system The third important step to recover from a phishing attack is to scan your system to ensure the attacker did not install any malware or backdoor software on the device for future attacks.

    Delete emails from unknown sources It is also advisable to the customers to go through your inbox once a week and delete marketing mailers and emails from unknown sources. Above all, remember to exercise caution in all your online transactions. To know more you can visit the HDFC website here.

    The purpose of this is to tarnish the reputation or lower down the image of the innocent person. It disrupts the online communication. Cyberbullying when an unknown attacker uses the electronic form of media or internet to post photos, videos, texts, messages of such type which can be embarrassing in nature. It is a form of harassment which involves the use of some harsh terms to affect the victim fully. The intention is to insult the victim publicly.

    Posting humiliating rumours, nasty comments, posting hate comments to trigger the political, religious and ethical beliefs or point of views of the people are some of the types of cyberbullying. So it is essential to keep a check on them and it is the duty of the parents to keep a check on the activities of their children.

    Because the teenagers have less maturity and understanding to make a difference between what is right and what is wrong that is the reason why they are more vulnerable to cyberbullying and that is why it is crucial for parents to have a constant check on the activities of their children while they use the internet. There are various warning signs to be looked upon to check whether the person at your place is bullied or might be bullying someone.

    These signs are as follows- Time fluctuation in the use of phone or laptop by an adult or child, The tendency to avoid healthy discussions online, Hiding of profile from others, Indifferent behaviour towards social activities.

    Signs of becoming stressed or depressed etc. After observing all the warning signals if there is a situation of the person facing cyber bullying then it is essential to report the case to the cyber crime cell as soon as possible. The steps to prevent cyberbullying are followed by as. This could include situations like an assault at a bar, someone brandishing a knife, someone trying to steal your purse or cornering you in a secluded area.

    The judge or jury will then consider the circumstances of the case to decide if an everyday person would agree that a use of force was necessary and appropriate in that situation. Example: Tina is leaving a party late at night and is alone on the street. A man emerges from an alleyway and closely approaches her. She stabs him, and he dies from his injuries. This could be an appropriate use of force for the situation. If she were simply approached by a stranger, she might not be justified in stabbing him.

    This means that you are under no duty to retreat if you wish to claim self defense. Even if it would have been safer to flee, you are allowed to remain present and defend yourself. You are under no duty to retreat if an intruder comes into your home.

    The Effects of Pornography on Unethical Behavior in Business

    Under Penal Code How do I get legal help in self defense cases? He was so knowledgeable, and always made sure I understood everything every step of the way. I would definitely recommend him to anyone who wants an understanding, caring, and truly helpful lawyer.


    thoughts on “Pono we dey party we legal them

    1. It is very a pity to me, that I can help nothing to you. But it is assured, that you will find the correct decision. Do not despair.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *