Dog neuter stitches open


  • Post-Op Information
  • Dog Neutering FAQs
  • After Your Pet’s Spay or Neuter Surgery
  • Avoiding Dog Neutering Complications: Risk Factors and Recovery
  • Spay Neuter Pre/Post-Ops
  • Post-operative care of a spayed bitch
  • Post-Op Information

    Many complications likely go undetected, as owners probably monitor mild complications at home without seeking veterinary care.

    Commonly-reported complications of dog neutering include the following: Dehiscence of the surgical incision Scrotal hematoma Bruising Hemorrhage Many complications are also associated with self-trauma to the surgical site; this may be either a cause or an effect of the complications listed previously.

    Surgical site dehiscence Most cases of surgical site dehiscence are caused by self-trauma. The risk of self-trauma, and therefore dehiscence, can be minimized with appropriate surgical technique. Avoid suturing too tightly when closing the incision, as tight sutures may lead to pain, discomfort, and an increased risk of self-trauma. Scrotal hematoma In many cases, scrotal hematomas are a relatively mild complication that will resolve with time.

    In some patients, however, scrotal hematomas may become large enough to compromise blood flow within the scrotum. These patients may develop necrosis of the scrotal skin, ultimately requiring scrotal ablation for treatment.

    Scrotal hematoma may be caused by bleeding from the testicular artery, or bleeding within the scrotum. At the first sign of a hematoma forming, ice packs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can be used to slow the progression of this condition. Bruising Capillary bleeding may be noted in the initial hours post-surgery.

    If this occurs, the use of a light scrotal wrap to apply pressure to the incision can help control this bleeding. This wrap can be removed after a couple of hours. Doing this can help minimize post-surgical bruising at the incision. Hemorrhage Hemorrhage following a dog neuter is typically caused by ligatures that have slipped due to insecure placement.

    Once found, the vessels should be re-ligated. Infection The estimated rate of infection associated with spay and neuter surgeries is 2. There are a number of unique factors that may increase the risk of surgical site infections in patients undergoing neutering or other elective surgery, namely: Patient factors, such as immunosuppression due to endocrine disease or other factors Environmental factors, such as the sterility of the incision and surgical suite Treatment factors, such as the length of surgery, occurrence of hypothermia, and other factors Steps that have been proposed to decrease the incidence of post-surgical infection include: optimizing patient health prior to surgery diagnosing and treating underlying diseases when possible , maintaining an aseptic surgical suite, using appropriate surgical techniques, and using active warming to prevent hypothermia.

    Conclusion Although neutering is a common procedure with a relatively low risk of significant complications, it is important not to become complacent. Patient selection, pre-surgical evaluation, effective anesthetic protocols, surgical asepsis, surgical technique, and owner compliance all play an important role in the success of this procedure.

    Sources and additional reading Woodruff, K. Scrotal castration vs. Veterinary Medicine. Surgical sterilization, neutering options for male cats, dogs. Veterinary Practice News. Morbidity and mortality associated with anesthetic management in small animal veterinary practice in Ontario. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc.

    Bushby, P. Preventing and managing spay and neuter complications. Complications of ovariohysterectomy and orchiectomy in companion animals. Nelson, L. About the author Dr. Since then, she has worked for several corporate and privately-owned small animal veterinary practices. Barnette is also a freelance veterinary medical writer, creating informational content for veterinarians, veterinary technology students, and pet owners.

    She lives in North Carolina with her husband, daughter, and their menagerie of pets.

    Dog Neutering FAQs

    In fact, spay and neuter surgeries are the most commonly performed veterinary procedures. When a female animal is spayed, the goal is to prevent unwanted litters as well as certain behavioral and medical problems. Here at Westlake Animal Hospital, we are lucky to offer both traditional and minimally invasive laproscopic spay services.

    The Traditional Spay With a traditional spay, an incision is created on the underside of the abdomen in order for the surgeon to be able to access the uterus and ovaries. This incision ranges from two to four inches long depending on the size and age of the pet. The ovaries are then loosened from their attachments to the body wall and this part of the procedure is done without the surgeon being able to see what he or she is doing.

    The blood vessels associated with the ovaries and uterus are tied off with suture. Finally, the incision in the abdomen is closed with several layers of suture. Because there has been a large incision through the abdominal musculature, there is often some degree of swelling and discomfort associated with the procedure. Exercise is restricted for several weeks. A laparoscope is a tiny camera that the surgeon can insert into the abdomen and visualize everything he or she is doing.

    For a laparoscopic spay, one or two approximately 1-inch long incision s are made into the abdomen. The laparoscopic camera is inserted through these small incisions. The surgeon can then see the entire abdomen, magnified, on a screen in the surgery suite. The surgeon uses a specialized laparoscopic instrument to grasp each ovary and then uses a blood vessel sealing device called a Ligasure to seal and cut the ovarian blood vessels.

    Each ovary is then removed through the small incision that was made for the camera. The uterus is not removed with this procedure. Even though the uterus is not removed, your pet will still get all of the health benefits that come with a traditional spay. At Westlake Animal Hospital, we offer laparoscopic spays because they: Have been shown to be less painful due to a smaller incision Allow the surgeon to see everything he or she is doing Often have less bleeding because blood vessels are cauterized rather than sutured Offer less opportunity for complications Laproscopic spays provide the most benefit for medium and large breed dogs and dogs who are 9 months or older at the time of the spay because the incision size for these dogs is greatly reduced with a laproscopic spay and because these dogs have larger blood vessels which are more securely sealed by the cauterization tool used during the laproscopic spay.

    If you would like more information about having a laparoscopic spay performed on your pet, please contact us. We perform many other surgical procedures laparoscopically as well, the possibilities are endless… Share.

    After Your Pet’s Spay or Neuter Surgery

    If you drive a pick-up truck, please note that we are not allowed to release a pet that is not put inside the cab or into a secured crate in the back. If your pet was in heat or pregnant at the time of surgery keep her away from male dogs for two weeks. You may still notice a blood-tinged discharge from the vulva for a few days in females. As when any anesthesia is used, stomach upset can occur. To help avoid stomach upset, restrict the amount of food and water your dog or cat consumes during the first 3 hours at home after surgery.

    You can provide one or two ice cubes to lick or chew during this time.

    Avoiding Dog Neutering Complications: Risk Factors and Recovery

    Do not offer food to your animal immediately upon returning home you may offer a very small amount of food 3 hours after you return home. You can gradually increase the amount of food and water over the next 24 hours.

    If your pet appears very tired or exhausted for more than 24 hours after the surgery, has diarrhea, or is vomiting please have your animal checked as these symptoms are not normal.

    Do not allow running or jumping.

    Spay Neuter Pre/Post-Ops

    You should check the incision at least twice daily until healed. A small amount of blood seepage is normal immediately after surgery. Should you notice any continued drainage or swelling, contact a veterinarian.

    Do not allow pet to lick and chew at the incision. All dogs are sent home with one. After a pre-med injection that includes a calming agent and pain relief, the anaesthetic is introduced via a catheter in a foreleg vein. Some hair will have been clipped over this vein. After the operation the skin along the midline of the abdomen is sutured stitched. These sutures are usually dissolvable ones buried under the skin and so cannot be seen. Sometimes we will use nylon sutures that need to be removed approximately 10 days after the procedure.

    It is very important that your dog does not lick the wound site Licking will slow healing and may cause the wound to open. Collars are available from Reception that can be used to prevent interference with wounds.

    Please do not bathe wounds unless instructed to do so by our staff. Some surgeons cover the wound with a protective dressing — If this is present it will need to be gently removed days after the operation — we can do this at the post-operative check.

    Post-operative care of a spayed bitch

    When you come to collect your pet, the nurse will advise you of the post-operative care required and will make an appointment for a vet to recheck your pet in days. There will be some pain relief medication for you to give your pet so she remains comfortable in the post-operative period. Due to the anaesthetic, your pet may be sleepy and a bit unsteady for the next hours. During this time she should be allowed to rest quietly in a warm not too hotcomfortable, draught-free place.

    Offer a light meal but do not worry if she does not feel like eating when she gets home Normal appetite should return within hours. Make sure fresh clean water is available at all times. It is better to offer food and water little and often, rather than a large amount at one sitting.


    thoughts on “Dog neuter stitches open

    1. It is a pity, that now I can not express - there is no free time. But I will return - I will necessarily write that I think on this question.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *