Tribes in edo state


  • How the language of the Edo people of Nigeria made its way into Portuguese creole
  • Edo people are populated in Edo state, Nigeria.
  • Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi
  • Full List of Tribes in Edo State Nigeria
  • Once my people are educated, we will be liberated — Oliola of Uzanu Uneme
  • List Of Tribes In Edo State Compiled By Delta Analyst
  • How the language of the Edo people of Nigeria made its way into Portuguese creole

    The clan is made up of several towns and villages. Uneme also has sub-villages, whose population is made up of mixed tribes. The Uneme people used to be mainly blacksmiths, and are also into large scale farming of yam, cassava and trading. How has the journey been so far on the throne? IF I must confess, it has not been easy, especially when one was not prepared to ascend the throne of his ancestors. And that was how I found myself here. When I agreed to ascend this throne, I still had 14 years service ahead of me.

    That was how my service was cut short. But here we are today; I give God the glory for all that has happened. It is not at all easy being a king or traditional ruler in this part of the country. We have been grappling with a lot of problems here. If we can handle these problems locally, we try to settle them as fairly and transparently as possible.

    But if they involve herdsmen and their cattle destroying farm produce, we took such cases to the police to handle, as this is the only way the farmers can get adequate compensation for their destroyed crops.

    These are regular occurrences here in my domain. Presently, there is no potable water here. We fetch drinking water from the stream, and have appealed severally to Edo State government for assistance in this regard.

    Government is yet to respond to our request. So, what I am doing is to appeal to all prominent sons and daughters from my communities to kindly assist in providing some of these basic things of life that are lacking here. So far so good. They have been trying to do their very best. Clement Agba, former Commissioner for Environment in Edo State, is in the vanguard of those doing their best to improve our communities. How did you come about the status of Majesty? Before now, Uzanu was only a village… Uzanu became a clan after a lot of effort and struggle.

    It was not at all easy. I was installed on November 9, The coronation held on February 7, Then, I was a mere village head, but later, former Governor Adams Oshiomole graciously recognised the petition and application I wrote to him to upgrade me to the status of a clan head, on November 16, He approved my upgrade to the status of Royal Majesty. Ten months after my clan was created, the Okumagbe of Uwanu sued Edo State government, my clan and me. Part of the reasons for his action was that part of his communities was annexed to Uzanu to form my clan, but these allegations were not correct.

    The villages he mentioned in his petition were never Weppa-Uwanu communities, but the court finally ruled that the villages in dispute were Uneme communities. It was at this time we were planning to apply to Edo State government for staff of office. The battle was really fierce. Thank God we invariably survived the challenges. There are lots of challenges in being a king. We have a lot of sycophants to deal with. Unfortunately, some people are in the habit of planning evil against a king from time to time, for no justifiable reason s.

    These are the types of challenges I was not prepared for. But the public service from where you came is not spared from such acts… You are right. But the perfidy in the traditional set up is more pronounced than that of Public Service. The peculiar nature of the throne is that it is the people you dine and wine with on daily basis are the ones plotting all manner of evils against the king.

    I am a Christian and have resolved to hold on tenaciously to God, so that I will not go astray, no matter the situation confronting me. What other things are you doing to help bring development to Uneme? Presently, I am making frantic efforts to revive some of our cultures that are almost forgotten.

    I am also doing all I can to sensitise my people on the need for us to promote these cultural practices to make my domain one of the tourist centres in Edo State. The cultural festivals I am trying to revive are known as Ese and Ukpe. The Ukpe Festival will come up on October 30, Expectedly, all my prominent sons and daughters within Nigeria and in the Diaspora are expected to attend.

    They are to come with their friends. It is usually a festival to behold and a tourist attraction. We also have the age grade festival that comes up every three years. As we speak, I am personally screening those to be admitted into that grade. I am doing this because the process had previously been abused. The rule says those to be admitted into the manhood grade must be between 17 and 18 years, because this is a group of persons that will be able to carry out communal labour whenever the need arises.

    Not only that, it is this group that will be able to do battle and defend the communities, whenever the need arises. But sadly, what I met on ground was that little children as young as seven or eight years, once their parents have the means to support them are admitted into the age grade.

    When I ascended the throne, I told them that would no longer happen. If a child must belong to an age grade, he must be able to do all that is required by the community to be so admitted. Before now, you would see a seven or eight-year-old rubbing shoulders with a 17 or year-olds. The position is given to the oldest one in the community at any given time. It was never decided by monetary factor. I also had to correct this. It was sad and shameful for a very young woman, just because she has money, to be leading women old enough to be her mothers.

    It is good to have money, but money can never take the place of experience, especially in cultural matters. Now, the oldest woman will take her normal place in the community. These are some of the things I have brought to bear. There were other cultural practices I left out because the have become archaic. When we were growing up, Uneme people were regarded as outcast. Why is this, and what have you done to ensure Uneme people are admitted into the large community without this stigmatisation?

    It is true. We had that stigmatisation, but all that is gone now. At that time, people were brainwashed and their mind poisoned against Uneme people for no justifiable reasons. That happened because Uneme people were predominantly blacksmiths, known for making cutlasses, knives and other weapons of war in the olden days. Not only that, but Uneme people also manufactured weapons for those that invaded the areas in old Kukuruku Division, now known as Etsako land.

    Since blacksmithing is no longer in vogue, that orientation began to die gradually. Today, it is only a few people that are still holding on to this erroneous and misplaced value.

    I know with time, they will also get over it like all other tribes. Today all over Etsako, nobody forbids an Uneme person again and Uneme people do not forbid anybody, either. We must not forget to point out that Uneme people of old were very skeptical about marrying outside their tribe.

    The reason for this was that, if their daughter gave birth to a baby boy outside their clans, the son would invariably leak the secret of blacksmithing to the tribe he was born.

    The Uneme people were not at all ready to let go of that secret. But today, all that discrimination has faded away. There are lots of inter-marriages between other tribes in Etsako and Edo State. And Uneme people are daily bringing home non-Uneme as wives and husbands.

    What are you working towards, that you would want to be remembered for? Education, education and more education. I desperately want my people to be educated. Once majority of my people are sufficiently educated, we will all be liberated, and become focused and functional.

    I would want this achieved during my reign. I have just summoned a meeting with all my village heads to come to my palace to see how we can resuscitate what was then known as Uzanu Secondary School, built in and closed down in This is the starting point of what I want to achieve in the area of education.

    In this article.

    Edo people are populated in Edo state, Nigeria.

    Published July 23, In , during one of the Portuguese voyages along the coast of west Africa, the Portuguese explorer, Ruy de Sequeira arrived on the coast of the Niger delta in present-day Nigeria. It was an area controlled by the powerful kingdom of Benin located in the hinterland north of the delta. The kingdom was not known to Europeans at the time, and this was the first time any European has ever reached this area.

    The Portuguese had heard stories about Benin that compelled them to breach their customary adherence to coastal harbors and take the risk of venturing into the delta.

    When Aveiro reached Benin in , what he found was a large and advanced country with a city comparable to those in Europe. The people of the kingdom—the Edo people—lived in a city and towns run by a centralized and sophisticated bureaucracy. The roads were wide, long, and straight, with huge metal lamps hanging many feet high to provide light at night. The people lived in large houses with courtyards and dressed in beautiful cloth made in the kingdom.

    Also, the King of Benin sent several emissaries from Benin to Portugal at different times. This relationship between the Portuguese and Edo people in the region shaped the pidgin spoken in the Niger Delta region today and also—what may be a surprise to many—Portuguese creole.

    The language of the Edo people is the major African component of Portuguese creole Gulf of Guinea creoles are the main Portuguese creole languages still spoken today. There are a few other portuguese creoles spoken by a few thousand people in Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India, Singapore, and Indonesia. Several studies have shown though that the Edo language is the major African component that constitutes the foundation of the creoles of the Gulf of Guinea.

    At least one variety of these creoles is spoken in Sao tome and Principe and Equatorial Guinea, with diaspora speakers mainly in Angola and Portugal, according to the Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures APiCS , a linguistic atlas that provides expert-based information on grammatical and lexical features of 76 pidgin and creole languages from around the world.

    The creoles of the Gulf of Guinea were derived from the combination of the Portuguese language, Edo language including closely related Edoid languages in the Niger delta , and Bantu languages mainly Kikongo and Kimbundu , according to linguists.

    The creoles emerged from a first-contact language or pidgin resulting from the contact between the Portuguese colonizers and the slaves from the kingdom of Benin in Sao Tome.

    The Bantu languages came in contact with the newly formed Portuguese-Edo language in the island some decades later. The settlers acquired slaves through trade with Benin to work on the island , first as servants during the short homestead period, and later as labor for their plantations, until the midth century when Benin banned the sales of slaves. As a result, the plantation owners focused on importing slaves from the present-day Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola , and the number of Bantu slaves began to increase significantly on the island.

    The Bantu slaves rapidly became the dominant slave population in the islands and their language made its way into the creole. Slave trade between the Portuguese and the kingdom of Kongo in modern day Angola, was at first welcomed by the reigning monarch , Afonso I, in the early s but would eventually lead to the downfall of the kingdom when the future kings were unable to protect their people from British, Portuguese, and Dutch slave traders.

    They had initially sold slaves from prisoners of war. In a study, John Ladhams, a Linguistics expert in Portuguese-based pidgin and creole at the University of Westminster, explained that the grammatical process in which a sequence of meaningful word elements are composed has originated in an Edo noun prefix in the creole of the Gulf of Guinea and there is a higher proportion of Edo contribution to other word classes such as adjectives, verbs, and adverbs than nouns.

    This, he said, suggests the Edo language played a more important or a more specialized role than the Bantu language in the formation of the creole since the borrowing of adjectives, verbs, and adverbs from one language into another occurs less frequently than the borrowing of nouns. APiCS estimated that the Santome and Angolar varieties of the creole have about 60, speakers and 5, speakers respectively, on the larger island, Sao Tome.

    The Principense variety which has the most Edo-derived words among the varieties has about 20 fluent speakers on the smaller island, Principe where it is native. Sign up to the Quartz Africa Weekly Brief here for news and analysis on African business, tech, and innovation in your inbox.

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    Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi

    Many Binis are Christians or Muslims. It is important to note that according to historical sources, the Bini people today are the descendants of the Yoruba Prince Oranmiyan of Ife who was invited to rule them after they were dissatisfied with their then King. Also, modern-day Lagos was found by the Bini army in the 16th century while they were out on a hunt. At the time Lagos was a forest with no inhabitants.

    The Bini army settled there and began developing the area which in the local language is known as Eko, even till today. This tribe can be found in the northeast of Nigeria. The Kanuri people are mostly Sunni Muslims. Unfortunately, the extremist group, Boko Haram have used Kanuri lands as a base for operations, subjecting Kanuri people to violence and Sharia law.

    Full List of Tribes in Edo State Nigeria

    The Ibibio people mostly identify as Christians and are known for their artistry, such as creating intricate wooden masks and carvings. They arrived at their destination and found it was water. The boats could not berth. The hornbill appeared again and told him to pour the shell's content into the water.

    As he did so, the water solidified: land emerged and rolled forth into the distance. God named the land EDO and made him king over it. Edo kids The other brothers could not find a place to anchor their boats and settle down.

    They offered part of their talents to their younger brother in exchange for a place to settle. Thus the Oba of EDO became owner of all land on earth. To this day, a snail shell containing medicinal earth forms an important and integral part of the coronation rituals of the Oba of Benin. The story we have just heard is told and retold to every royal child.

    The preciousness of the material and the refinement of the carving indicate that it was created by the exclusive guild of royal ivory carvers for the king. Framed by an elegant tiara-like coiffure and openwork collar, this likeness of an Edo royal woman is in fact a portrait of Idia, mother and close advisor to one of Benin's greatest leaders, Esigie, who ruled in the early sixteenth century.

    Esigie honored Idia for helping to secure his claim to the throne and for the wise counsel that she provided him throughout his reign. As a consequence of Idia's role, the title of Queen Mother Iyoba was introduced to the Benin court, granting the mother of the oba king equal authority to that of senior town chiefs.

    The miniature motifs of Portuguese faces depicted along the summit make reference to the extraordinary wealth generated in the Benin kingdom in the sixteenth century through trade with the Portuguese. Since the Portuguese arrived by sea, generated local wealth, and have white skin, they were immediately connected to Olokun, god of the sea, who is associated with the color white. Additionally, Olokun is linked to purity, the world of the dead, and fertility.

    The mudfish motif, which alternates with the Portuguese faces, is one of the primary symbols of Benin kingship. It is associated with the qualities of aggressiveness and liminality due to its ferocious electric sting and its ability to survive in water and on land. The hollowed back of this work suggests that it was both a pendant and a receptacle, possibly containing medicines to protect the king while worn during ceremonial occasions.

    Given the scale of this artifact and the inclusion of suspension lugs above and below the ears, it appears likely that it was worn suspended as a pectoral. Recent ritual practices, however, suggest that related works may alternatively have been worn at the king's waist.

    Geography The State has a land mass of 19, km square. Lying on 05 44 N and 07 34 N latitudes, 05 4 E and 06 45 E longitudes.

    Edo State is low lying except towards the north axis where the Northern and Esan plateaus range from metres of the Kukuruku Hills and metres of the Somorika Hills.

    Once my people are educated, we will be liberated — Oliola of Uzanu Uneme

    Location It is so located that it forms the nucleus of the Niger Delta region. Edo culture on display Climate The climate is typically tropical with two major seasons- the wet Rainy and the dry harmattan seasons.

    Language Edo people speak Edo also called Bini Benin. It was and remains the primary language of the Edo people of Igodomigodo. Edo is a core member of the group of genetically related languages called the Edoid group Elugbe It is rated as one of the first few of the twenty-four languages, which make up the Edoid group in Nigeria.

    List Of Tribes In Edo State Compiled By Delta Analyst

    The language is currently spoken throughout most of the territories, which are coterminous with the old Benin province. Edo is the main language spoken in these local government areas. According radiology fellowship in usa for img R. It is no wonder therefore that prof.

    These suggestions give strong indications that Benin Civilization has grow over a period of some years if not more. Oba of Benin Many writers have put the origin of Edo people as coming from Egypt while other thought they originated from Ife.

    Eminent writer like Chief Dr J. U Egharevba even suggested that the Edo People migrated from Egypt, made a short halt in the Sudan, then at Ife, and finally came to this land where they met an inferior people. The most interesting point about this theory is that no one has paused for a while to ask where the Egyptians migrated from. No one is really certain about the Origin of the Edo people whose origin appears to have lost in myths and legends of the distant past.

    In the absence of any archeological evidence one is forced to have a second thought on this issue of migration from Egypt and rather let their origin in their present environment prevail. The respected Benin historian, Jacob U. Egharevba named 15 Ogisos who ruled over Benin. Some have even said that the entire people of Benin come from Ife. There are anthropological and folkloric evidence that prove the existence beyond a doubt.

    Songs and rituals are still performed today in both Benin and Ife which eulogise it. In Benin, the story is told with nostalgia; in Ife, with euphoria and pride and belief that the Ooni of Ife is the father of the Oba of Benin. That belief was, no doubt, on the Ooni's mind when he hosted the Oba of Benin who paid him an officail visit on November 11, The Ooni, speaking with the pride of a father receiving a son who made good abroad, described the oba's visit as a "short home-coming" He said, inter alia: "We welcome Your Royal Highness most heartily back to Ile-Ife, the cradle of our common culture.

    The origin of your dynasty and ours Today is really a very good day for us in Ife and its environs because since you left in AD, we have come to know that your dynasty has perfomed wonderfully well. As we have mentioned briefly during our historic visit to your domain not too long ago, we said that we were there to pat you on the back for a job well done Your present visit Now, my son and brother, long may you reign.

    But in his reply, the Oba of Benin tacitly rejected that submission. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, to July 17, Source: Smithsonian Institution He did not elaborate But that assertion, innocuous as it might seem, represents the other part of the story which never really been fully told, although told with varying details in Ife and Benin. Source: National Archives The Oba said, inter alia: "Another important traditional ruler whose origin deserves examination is the Oduduwa of Ife whose origin is also shrouded in myths and legend.

    He is believed to be the father of the principal rulers of Yorubaland, the father of Oranmiyan who was the the father of EWEKA I of Benin and who was the founder and the first Alafin of Oyo Kingdom; Ife traditional history says Oduduwa descended from heaven in a like manner to the Edo account. Some modern historians say that the great Oduduwa was a fugitive from the Moslems of the Middle-east and that he came to settle in what is present -day Ile-Ife. It was after the demise of his father and when, in the interregnum, Evian, and later his son Ogiamien, tried to assume the kingship, that those who knew that Ekaladerhan was still alive organized a search party to fetch him.

    It was this search party that emerged at Ile-Ife and discovered Ekaladerhan, known then to the people of Ile-Ife as Oduduwa and already enjoying the status of a King. The original people and founders of the Benin Empire, the Edo people, were initially ruled by the Ogiso Kings of the Sky dynasty who called their land Igodomigodo.

    The rulers or kings were commonly known as Ogiso. Igodo, the first Ogiso, wielded much influence and gained popularity as a good ruler. He died after a long reign and was succeeded by Ere, his eldest son. Emose and Orhorho were women. It is said that thirty-one Ogisos reigned but few of their names are known and they are very hard to trace. Therefore it is wise to research it because some people doubt the existence of the first period of the Benin Empire.

    This is partly because many mythical and frightful tales have been attached to the people connected with the Ogiso. In the 8th century, the ruling Ogiso successfully expanded Igodomigodo into a system of autonomous settlements.

    According to the new spin of history[citation needed], revisionists claimed that in 12th century, a great palace intrigue and battle for power erupted between the warrior crown prince Ekaladerhan son of the last Ogiso and his young paternal uncle. In anger over an oracle, Prince Ekaladerhan left the royal court with his warriors. When his old father the Ogiso died, the Ogiso dynasty was ended as the people and royal kingmakers preferred their king's son as natural next in line to rule.

    The exiled Prince Ekaladerhan who was not known in Ile-Ife, somehow earned the title of Ooni Oghene at Ile-Ife and refused to return, then sent his son Oranmiyan to become king. Prince Oranmiyan took up his abode in the palace built for him at Usama by the elders now a coronation shrine.

    Soon after his arrival he married a beautiful lady, Erinmwinde, daughter of Osa-nego, was the ninth Onogie Duke of Ego, by whom he had a son. After some years residence here he called a meeting of the people and renounced his office, remarking that the country was a land of vexation, Ile-Ibinu by which name the country was afterward known and that only a child born, trained and educated in the arts and mysteries of the land could reign over the people.

    He caused his son born to him by Erinmwinde to be made King in his place, and returned to his native land, Ile-Ife. Unlike the Yorubas in other states, the Yorubas in Edo sate are politically and economically disadvantaged. Although this people speak the Yoruba language, their dialect is influenced by the Bini language. Although the Yorubas in Edo are predominantly Christians, some of them still practice their traditional religion.

    This people are farmers and traders. They are known to feed on soup and processed yam flour. Esan Tribe The Esan people are one of the most dreaded tribes to come out of Edo state. This is probably because of the fact that they are traditionalists to the core. The Esan peole are located in present day Edo central senatorial district. The Esan tribe is made up of about 35 clans.

    They are quite similar to the Bini people. Farming is the major occupation of the Esan people. Also Christianity is widely practiced in this tribe. Bini tribe The Bini tribe is one of the few tribes in Nigeria that was once an empire. The bini people are found in Benin City, in present day edo state. They are known for their very superior diabolic powers.


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